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Brunswick in Glynn County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Queen Square

Southeast Quadrant

 

— City of Brunswick —

 
Queen Square Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
1. Queen Square Marker
Inscription.  
Queen Square was named by Colonial era founders of the city to honor the ruling queens of England. The southeastern quadrant of Queen Square was home to the Brunswick Fire Department from 1876 to 1932.

Tinderbox Town
Brunswick’s prosperity in the late 19th century was largely due to the manufacture of turpentine and other rosin-based items, called naval stores. The Port of Brunswick led the nation in the export of railroad ties. Millions of board feet of lumber left the city docks to help build the country’s westward expansion. While fire protection was important in any city, in Brunswick, with its stacks of easily ignited materials in warehouses and on docks awaiting shipment it was crucial. Photo courtesy of Golden Isles Arts & Humanities Association.

“Our Magnificent and Matchless Fire Engine”
The local newspaper, the Advertiser and Appeal, enthusiastically reported on the move of the volunteer Oceanic Fire Company #1 to their new headquarters on Queen Square in 1876. The transfer was accomplished with great fanfare, as the shinning American LeFrance steam engine
Queen Square Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
2. Queen Square Marker
known as the Viola traveled on a horse-drawn wagon through the city streets, accompanied by the Brunswick Brass Band and the marching Brunswick Riflemen. Photos courtesy of Captain Chuck Yeargin.

Fire Service for a Growing City
A group of Brunswick citizens formed Mechanics Hook and Ladder Company No. 1 in 1884. By 1885, the station had added a hose tower that stood out as a landmark in the city skyline. By 1890, the city enlarged the fire station and augmented its volunteer fire service with a paid squad, led by Chief J.H. Harrison. Photos courtesy of Captain Chuck Yeargin. Glynn County Fire Department.

A City in Flames
At 11:00 AM on April 3, 1896, sparks from dockside construction equipment set fire to nearby rosin barrels. The blaze was soon out of control, fueled by warehouses full of naval stores, cotton, wood products and other flammable goods. Over half the downtown business section was destroyed. After 12 hours of struggle against high winds and dwindling water pressure, firefighters extinguished the flames. The story of the tragic fire spread nationwide, and Brunswick’s brave firefighters were credited for saving not only lives, but the future of the city as well. Photos courtesy of Golden Isles Arts & Humanities Association.

Moving into the Modern Age
After recovering from the devastating
(Top Left) Lumber stacked in Brunswick a major export in the late 19th century. image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
3. (Top Left) Lumber stacked in Brunswick a major export in the late 19th century.
Photo courtesy of Golden Isles Arts & Humanities Association
fire of 1896. Brunswick invested regularly in its fire protection assets. By 1908, the entire firefighter workforce was paid. By 1913, the large hose tower was replaced by more modern equipment capable of handling 4,200 feet of cotton rubber-lined hose—the best available at the time.

The entire department was supplied with motorized vehicles in September 1914, thereby ending the use of horse drawn wagons. A move to new headquarters on Gloucester Street in 1932 ended the Queen Square firehouse era., but the lifesaving legacy of Brunswick’s dedicated firefighters lives on. Photos courtesy of Captain Chuck Yeargin, Glynn County Fire Department.

In 1771, the city of Brunswick. Georgia was laid out according to "the Oglethorpe Plan," named after the colony's founder. General James Edward Oglethorpe. The design featured a grid of 14 large and small squares. The intention of the plan was to create permanent, park-like common areas throughout the city. The squares still bear their original names, which reveal Brunswick's strong historic ties to England.

Signature Squares of Brunswick, a non-profit organization founded to restore and preserve the parks and squares within the historic district of Brunswick, gratefully acknowledges the research contributions of Mia Knight Nichols and the support of the City of Brunswick: Delong-Sweet
(Center Left): American LeFrance steam engine Viola 1876 image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
4. (Center Left): American LeFrance steam engine Viola 1876
Photos courtesy of Captain Chuck Yeargin.
Foundation: The Garden Club of Georgia, Inc., Magnolia Garden Club; Jekyll Island Authority; Friends of Coastal Georgia History: Downtown Development Authority; Plum Creek Foundation; Jerry Spencer, ASLA, Landscape Architect.

 
Erected 2015 by Signature Squares of Brunswick.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: DisastersIndustry & CommerceRoads & Vehicles.
 
Location. 31° 8.765′ N, 81° 29.649′ W. Marker is in Brunswick, Georgia, in Glynn County. Marker is on Newcastle Street south of Mansfield Street, on the right when traveling north. Marker located across from Brunswick Old City Hall. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Brunswick GA 31520, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Capt. Mark Carr (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Queen Square (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Queen Square (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Queen Square (within shouting distance of this marker); James Edward Oglethorpe (within shouting distance of this marker); Liberty Tree (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Jekyll Square East
(Bottom Left ): Brunswick Fire Department, mid 1880s image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
5. (Bottom Left ): Brunswick Fire Department, mid 1880s
Photos courtesy of Captain Chuck Yeargin.
(approx. 0.2 miles away); Jekyll Square West (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Brunswick.
 
Also see . . .  Signature Squares of Brunswick. (Submitted on September 1, 2020, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida.)
 
(Middle Top Right): Horse drawn Fire fighting equipment 1890 image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
6. (Middle Top Right): Horse drawn Fire fighting equipment 1890
Photo courtesy of Golden Isles Arts & Humanities Association
(Middle): Brunswick Fire Department 1885 image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
7. (Middle): Brunswick Fire Department 1885
Photo courtesy of Golden Isles Arts & Humanities Association
(Middle Right): Brunswick In Flames <br>Local Newspaper Headline after 1896 Brunswick fire image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
8. (Middle Right): Brunswick In Flames
Local Newspaper Headline after 1896 Brunswick fire
Photo courtesy of Golden Isles Arts & Humanities Association
(Middle Bottom): 1896 Brunswick Fire image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
9. (Middle Bottom): 1896 Brunswick Fire
Photo courtesy of Golden Isles Arts & Humanities Association
(Bottom Right): 1771 Town Plat “the Oglethorpe Plan” image. Click for full size.
By Brandon D Cross, August 23, 2020
10. (Bottom Right): 1771 Town Plat “the Oglethorpe Plan”
In 1771, the city of Brunswick, Georgia was laid out according to “the Oglethorpe plan,” named after the colony’s founder, General James Edward Oglethorpe . The design featured a grid of 14 large and 14 small squares. The intention of the plan was to create permanent, park-like common areas throughout the city. The squares still bear their original names, which reveal Brunswick’s strong historic ties to England.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 5, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 1, 2020, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 68 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 1, 2020, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida.   7, 8, 9. submitted on September 3, 2020, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida.   10. submitted on September 4, 2020, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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