Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Seventeenth U.S. Infantry
Second Brigade - Second Division
— Fifth Corps —
Second Division Second Brigade
Seventeenth U.S. Infantry
Lieut.-Colonel J. Durell Green commanding
July 2 Arrived in the morning and took position with the Brigade on the right of the Twelfth Corps. Later moved to the left and at 5 p.m. formed line with the Brigade at the right of Little Round Top and advanced across Plum Run to the crest of the rocky wooded hill beyond near the Wheatfield under a severe fire from the Confederate sharpshooters on the left then facing left the Regiment with the Brigade occupied the stone wall on the edge of the woods. The Confederates having opened fire on the right and advanced in the Wheatfield in the rear the Brigade was withdrawn under a heavy fire on both flanks and from the rear and formed in line on the right of Little Round Top having been engaged about two hours.
July 3 Remained in same position.
Present 25 officers and 235 men.
Casualties killed 1
Wounded 13 officers and 105 men. Missing 7 men.
Erected 1907 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 2, 1863.
Location. 39° 47.661′ N, 77° 14.491′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Ayres Avenue, on the left when traveling west. Located off a loop in Ayres Avenue near the Wheatfield and Day's Hill, in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Eleventh U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Twelfth U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Tenth U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Sixth U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 5th New Hampshire Infantry Left Flank (within shouting distance of this marker); Fourteenth U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); First Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); 5th New Hampshire Infantry (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
1. Report of Lieutenant Colonel J. Durell Greene
From the Official Records, Series I, Volume XXVII/1 (S#43), Report Number 216, Page 650-1:
CAMP NEAR PURCELLVILLE, VA., July 19, 1863.
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report that the Seventeenth U.S. Infantry, under my command, numbering 25 officers and 235 enlisted men, and forming a portion of the Second Brigade, Second Division, Fifth Army Corps, was engaged in the battle of Gettysburg. July 2. The regiment formed the left of the brigade line, and went into action at 6 p.m. From the position in line, the nature of the ground passed over, and other circumstances, the regiment suffered severely from the fire of the enemy, as the list of casualties, recently forwarded, will show. The regiment was engaged in all about two hours, and retired with the brigade.
The regiment mourns as killed First Lieut. W. H. Chamberlin, and Second Lieut. E. S. Abbot, mortally wounded, young officers, but recently promoted from the ranks.
Both officers and men behaved with just credit under the trying circumstances in which they were placed. I particularly remarked Capt. E. H. Ludington, Company B, Second Battalion; First Lieut. A. Menzies, adjutant First Battalion, and Second Lieut. F. E. Stimpson, acting battalion quartermaster, as distinguished for coolness and gallantry.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. DURELL GREENE,
Lieut. Col. Seventeenth U.S. Infantry, Commanding.
— Submitted January 24, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 24, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 761 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 24, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.