New Market in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of New Market
May 15, 1864
— 1864 Valley Campaign —
In the spring of 1864, Union Gen. Franz Sigel marched his 10,000-man army south through the Shenandoah Valley as part of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s strategy to attack the Confederacy on several fronts simultaneously. To counter this threat, Gen. John C. Breckinridge led 4,000 Confederate troops to New Market, located on the only road over Massanutten Mountain, which divides the Valley and channels troop movements. In desperate need of soldiers, Breckinridge summoned the Corps of Cadets from Virginia Military Institute. The boys marched north from Lexington to join him.
On the evening of May 14, advance elements of Sigel’s army reached New Market, encountering Confederate Gen. John D. Imboden’s cavalry. The next morning, Breckinridge brought his full force to Shirley’s Hill, two miles south of here. When the Federals pulled back, Breckinridge ordered a general advance, with the cadets in reserved.
Sigel occupied a hill north of town on Jacob Bushong’s farm, where for several hours fighting swirled around the house and across an orchard and wheat field muddied by torrential thunderstorms. Casualties in the Confederate center created
Union losses totaled 841 killed, wounded, and missing, while the Confederates suffered 531 casualties, including 10 VMI Cadets killed and more than 40 wounded. With Sigel’s army no longer an immediate threat, Breckinridge took most of his troops east to join the defense of Richmond.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails and Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 38° 39.709′ N, 78° 40.218′ W. Marker is in New Market, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker is on George R. Collins Parkway (Virginia Route 305), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New Market VA 22844, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Baptism of Fire (here, next to this marker); New Market Battlefield Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Died on the Field of Honor…" The Bushong Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); “Good-bye, Lieutenant, I am killed.” (approx. ¼ mile away); This Rustic Pile (approx. ¼ mile away); Heroism in Defeat (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of New Market (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Market.
More about this marker. On the lower left of the marker is a map of the Battle of New Market. On the upper center of the marker is a painting of The Charge of the VMI New Market Cadets, by Jack Woodson Virginia Military Institute Collections. On the upper right, the marker displays portraits of Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge and Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel Courtesy of Library of Congress.
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of New Market. Self-Guided Tour - Joseph W. A. Whitehorne (Submitted on December 12, 2009.)
2. New Market Battlefield State Historical Park. (Submitted on December 12, 2009.)
Credits. This page was last revised on October 18, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 12, 2009, by Keith Yoder of Centreville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,410 times since then and 5 times this year. Last updated on September 11, 2020, by William Glahn of Winchester, Virginia. Photos: 1. submitted on October 18, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 2. submitted on December 12, 2009. 3. submitted on October 18, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 4. submitted on December 12, 2009. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.