“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

New Braunfels in Comal County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Founder's Oak

A Sesquicentennial Project


— Gründer Eiche - Roble de los Fundadores —

Founder's Oak Marker image. Click for full size.
By James Hulse, April 12, 2019
1. Founder's Oak Marker

1700 This tree began as a seedling in this major camesile of Central Texas Indians. Archeology has traced the Indians presence here to 13,000 years ago. Early settlers told that Indians left messages to those who followed by weighing down the upper stem of such young trees horizontally to show the direction they had traveled. The resulting distortion from vertical may be evident in this ancient tree.

1718 San Antonio founded by Spain. Spanish Standard raised on junction of Comal and Guadalupe rivers.

1756 Spanish mission, Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe, began on Mission west of New Braunfels and abandoned after three years because of massacre at San Saba Mission by Comanche Indians.

1776 U.S. adopted its Declaration of Independence.

1803 U.S purchased Louisiana from Napoleon of France.

1821 Stephen F. Austin's first American Colony, "Old Three Hundred" established in southeast Mexican Texas, Mexican Independence ended three centuries of Spanish Texas.

1836 Major battle fought at Alamo and Republic of Texas founded. Ferdinand Lindheimer arrived in Texas on April 22 at San
Founder's Oak Marker image. Click for full size.
By James Hulse, April 12, 2019
2. Founder's Oak Marker
Tbe marker is to the right of the two markers in front of the Founder's Oak. It is at the bottom of the photo and just partially visible.
Jacinto to help in Texas Revolution against Mexico.

1840 Lindheimer collected and classified botanical specimens from Central Texas area and earned the title "Father of Texas Botany". Restored home at 491 Comal Street.

1845 New Braunfels founded by Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels, Germany as the first wagon with immigrants crossed the Guadalupe river on Good Friday, March 21. Prince Carl lived on site of Sophienburg Museum. Herman Seele taught first German-English classes under trees at foot of hill near museum.

1846 Comal County organized

1850 Census showed New Braunfels was Texas' fourth largest town.

1852 Lindheimer published first weekly issue of New Braunfelser Zeitung. Not one issue ever missed, even during the civil war.

1860 Joseph Landa, German Merchant and Industrialist, purchased Comal Springs and river area for water power.

1861 Comal County sent about 500 men to Confederate forces.

1866 City Ordinance prohibited flammable roofs resulting in New Braunfels becoming the City of Tin Roofs.

1876 New Braunfels celebrated America's Centennial greater than any other Texas city.

1880 First train, the International and Great Northern Railroad arrived in New Braunfels.

1886 New Braunfels volunteer Fire Department established, making it third oldest in Texas.

Side view of the Founder's Oak image. Click for full size.
By James Hulse, April 12, 2019
3. Side view of the Founder's Oak
New pink granite state capitol in Austin completed.

1890 Electric power first used in New Braunfels homes.

1895 First park activities held in privately owned Landa Park.

1898 New limestone county courthouse on Main Plaza completed. Teddy Roosevelt's Rough Riders trained in San Antonio.

1907 First automobile, a Ford, registered in Comal County. City set an 8 mph speed limit.

1915 Liberty Bell passed through New Braunfels by train from San Francisco and was seen by large crowd.

1918 Armistice in Europe: end of World War i.

1936 Texas celebrated its centennial. New Braunfels purchased Landa Park.

1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and Comal County sent 1,200 men and women to World War II.

1956 Three year drought completely dried Landa Springs and lake.

1961 Annual celebration called Wurstfest (Sausage Festival) begun.

1963 Lyndon B. Johnson became 36th president of the United States.

1969 U.S. put first man on the moon.

1972 Severe flood devastated park and city taking 18 lives.

1986 Texas celebrated its sesquicentennial.
Erected 1986.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Horticulture & ForestryParks & Recreational Areas
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Settlements & Settlers.
Location. 29° 42.696′ N, 98° 8.158′ W. Marker is in New Braunfels, Texas, in Comal County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Landa Park Drive (California Blvd) and Monument Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New Braunfels TX 78130, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Landa Park (a few steps from this marker); New Braunfels (within shouting distance of this marker); Comal Springs (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); First Patented Wire Fence (approx. half a mile away); 1915 New Braunfels Post Office (approx. 0.8 miles away); a different marker also named New Braunfels (approx. 0.9 miles away); Comal County Courthouse (approx. 0.9 miles away); Site of Old Schmitz Hotel (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Braunfels.
Also see . . .  New Braunfels celebrates Founder's Oak. (Submitted on October 4, 2020, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 4, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 4, 2020, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas. This page has been viewed 31 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 4, 2020, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.
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Oct. 30, 2020