“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cumberland Township near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

First Brigade

Third Division - Fifth Corps

— Army of the Potomac —

First Brigade, Third Division, Fifth Corps Tablet image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
1. First Brigade, Third Division, Fifth Corps Tablet
At the top of the tablet is the Maltese Cross of Fifth Corps.
Army of the Potomac
Fifth Corps Third Division
First Brigade

Col. William McCandless
30th. 31st. 35th. 42d. Pennsylvania Infantry
(1st. (9 Cos.) 2d. 6th. 13th. Reserves)

July 2 Moved with the Division from the Baltimore Pike near Rock Creek late in the day to Little Round Top north of the Wheatfield Road. After sunset formed line to cover the retiring of First and Second Brigades Second Division and supported by Third Brigade Third Division Sixth corps charged the advancing Confederates and forced them down the hill and across into the Wheatfield. The Brigade remained at a stone wall in rear of the Wheatfield. Col. C.F. Taylor commanding 13th Penna. Reserves fell in the advance.

July 3 Advanced through the Wheatfield into the woods beyond supported by Third Brigade Third Division Sixth Corps and changing front swept southward through the woods west and south of the Wheatfield encountering a portion of Brig. Gen. Benning's Brigade and capturing about 200 prisoners and the colors of 15th Georgia. The Confederates retired to the crest of ridge from which they advanced the previous day. In this movement
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one 10 pounder Parrott was recovered and about 3,000 small arms were gathered from the field.

Casualties. Killed 2 officers 18 men. Wounded 14 officers 118 men. Captured or missing 3 men. Total 155.
Erected 1912 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 2, 1863.
Location. 39° 47.791′ N, 77° 14.452′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. It is in Cumberland Township. Marker is on Ayres Avenue, on the left when traveling south. Located in the Wheatfield section of Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 30th Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 2d Pennsylvania Reserves (within shouting distance of this marker); 27th Connecticut Infantry (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 11th Pennsylvania Reserves (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named First Brigade (about 300 feet away); 81st Pennsylvania Infantry (about 300 feet away); Charles Frederick Taylor (about 300 feet away); 61st New York Infantry (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
Also see . . .
McCandless' Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
2. McCandless' Brigade Tablet
 Report of Col. William McCandless. In his report, speaking of the advance in the evening of July 2, McCandless wrote:
I immediately formed my brigade, together with the Eleventh Regiment of the Third Brigade, in two lines, the first line being composed of the Sixth Regiment on the right, the First on the left, and the Eleventh in the center. The second line was massed on the first, and was composed of the First Rifles (Bucktails) and Second Regiment of Infantry. As soon as our front was uncovered, the brigade advanced in gallant style, the first line delivering one volley; then the whole brigade charged at a full run down the hillside and across the plain, driving the advancing masses of the enemy back upon the stone wall, for the possession of which there was a desperate struggle, we finally carrying- it. Prior to reaching the wall, however, my left flank being exposed to a galling fire, I deployed the second line, viz, the First Rifles and Second Regiment, to the left, forming a prolongation of my first line, along with which they steadily advanced. It was at this time, and when within a short distance of the wall, that the brave and lamented Col. Charles F. Taylor fell, while gallantly leading his regiment. (Submitted on February 1, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Advance of McCandless' Brigade image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, November 11, 2008
3. Advance of McCandless' Brigade
Looking due east from the tablet location. Directly in the center distance is Wheatfield Road ascending the north end of Little Round Top - Cemetery Ridge. Just below the blacktop in this photo is the statue of General Crawford, the Third Division commander. McCandless' Brigade advanced from the crest of the ridge, across Plum Run and up to the ground here.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 7, 2023. It was originally submitted on February 1, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 842 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on February 1, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

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Apr. 15, 2024