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Buckeye Furnace in Jackson County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Stockyard

 
 
Stockyard Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Doda, October 23, 2020
1. Stockyard Marker
Inscription.  
The upper area of the furnace complex was known as the stockyard. Here, the raw materials were delivered, stockpiled, sorted, and graded.

When Buckeye Furnace was operating, this area bustled with activity as teamsters delivered and unloaded their cargoes of limestone, iron ore, and charcoal.

[Sidebar:]
Forests
The extensive forests that once covered the Hanging Rock Region provided the charcoal needed to fuel the iron furnaces. Each year thousands of trees were cut and converted to charcoal through a controlled burning process. Little through was given to replanting the areas that were depleted of rees. In time the industry felt the consequences of its neglect. In 1880, the Charcoal Iron Workers Journal lamented,
"There is no mistaking the fact that our timber is going … we have put off inspecting our national account until at last, in the matter of timber supply, we are but one step from bankruptcy."

As the forests vanished, the price of charcoal rose. By the 1880s, furnaces fueled by coke, a much cheaper fuel,
Stockyard Marker image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, October 23, 2020
2. Stockyard Marker
were making iron so inexpensively that charcoal furnaces were forced to close.

After the furnaces closed, the land was abandoned. During the last half of the twentieth century, the forests have returned. The new, young forest on this hilltop contains faster growing beech and maple trees than the mature growth that was destroyed. In time, more oaks will grow, and the forest will once again appear as it did in the early nineteenth century.

 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Horticulture & ForestryIndustry & CommerceNatural Resources. In addition, it is included in the Appalachian Iron Furnaces series list.
 
Location. 39° 3.372′ N, 82° 27.414′ W. Marker is in Buckeye Furnace, Ohio, in Jackson County. Marker is on Buckeye Park Road (County Road 167) 0.2 miles north of Ridgeland Road (County Road 165), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 123 Buckeye Park Rd, Wellston OH 45692, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Stock Shed (here, next to this marker); Limestone (a few steps from this marker); Labor At Charcoal Iron Furnace (within shouting distance of this marker); Shipment Of Iron (within shouting distance of this marker); Engine House
The Stockyard image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, October 23, 2020
3. The Stockyard
(within shouting distance of this marker); Charcoal (within shouting distance of this marker); Casting (within shouting distance of this marker); Raw Materials (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buckeye Furnace.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. This marker has replaced the linked marker.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 28, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 28, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 54 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on October 28, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio.   2, 3. submitted on January 28, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. A wide shot of the marker in context • Can you help?
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Mar. 7, 2021