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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Arlee in Lake County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

The Salish and Pend d'Oreille People and the Jocko Valley

 
 
The Salish and Pend d'Oreille People and the Jocko Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 18, 2020
1. The Salish and Pend d'Oreille People and the Jocko Valley Marker
Inscription.  For thousands of years, western Montana, including the Jocko Valley, has been home to the Qluspé (Kalispel or Pend d'Oreille) and Séliš (Salish or "Flathead") people. In their tradition creation stories, tribal elders tell how Coyote traveled across this "island," North America, preparing it for human beings who were yet to come. He left signs of his deeds upon the land, some of which can still be seen today. Here in Jocko, Coyote killed a gigantic monster who swallowed all living things.
Long before the arrival of non-Indians, Salish-language place names covered this area. including Snlacnála (Edge between Forest and Prairie-Schley area) and Nlqála (Place of Wide Trees-Arlee area). The more recent name "Jocko" came from Jacco (Jacques) Raphael Finely, a fur trapper with the North West Fur Company (1806-1809) who intermarried with local Indian people and has many descendants here.
In the Hellgate Treaty (1855) U.S. officials tried to force the Salish, Pend d'Oreille, and Kootenai people onto a single reservation, The Salish resisted removal from their ancestral Bitterroot Valley. When troops finally forced
The Salish and Pend d'Oreille People and the Jocko Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 18, 2020
2. The Salish and Pend d'Oreille People and the Jocko Valley Marker
them north in 1891, the Salish came only as far as they had to, stopping at the Flathead or Jocko Reservations southern edge. To this day, many Salish people live in the area, which now faces a new kind of "swallowing monsters," as suburban sprawl presses north from Missoula.
 
Erected by Montana Department of Transportation.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans.
 
Location. 47° 8.585′ N, 114° 2.946′ W. Marker is near Arlee, Montana, in Lake County. Marker is on U.S. 93 at milepost 16 near Red Tail Lane, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Arlee MT 59821, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 8, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 8, 2020, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 51 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 8, 2020, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.
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Mar. 1, 2021