“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
East Columbia in Brazoria County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

"Columbia Blues"

"Columbia Blues" Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, May 7, 2020
1. "Columbia Blues" Marker

Bates' Fourth Regiment Texas Volunteers
Thirteenth Texas Infantry
Brown's Thirty-Fifth Texas Cavalry

On October 5, 1861, in Columbia, Texas (now East Columbia), men from this area organized the "Columbia Blues". They were mustered into the Confederate Army as Company A, Bates' Fourth Regiment Texas Volunteers.

After a few months, the company became part of the newly-organized Thirteenth Texas Infantry Regiment, which was actually a "legion” - a unit consisting of infantry, cavalry, and artillery. Commanded by Col. Joseph Bates, the Thirteenth Texas Infantry occupied the forts at Velasco, Mud Island, and Quintana, and sent patrols down the Matagorda Peninsula in late 1863 and early 1864 as a result of US General Nathaniel Banks two Divisions of the 13th Army Corp invading the lower coast of Texas.

In November 1863, Col. Reuben R. Brown organized Brown's Thirty-Fifth Texas Cavalry Regiment with six companies from Brown's Twelfth Texas Cavalry Battalion, Roundtree's Texas Cavalry Battalion and four companies from the Thirteenth Texas Infantry, including the Columbia Blues", which
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then became Company H. The regiment's primary duty was to serve as a scouting unit patrolling the Texas Gulf Coast. Brown's Thirty-Fifth Texas Cavalry participated in several skirmishes while protecting life and property in Texas.

By May 1865, many of the men of the Thirty-Fifth had unofficially disbanded. Brown's Thirty-Fifth Texas Cavalry was surrendered with the Trans-Mississippi Department in Galveston on June 2, 1865.

Joseph Bates
Reuben Brown
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1865.
Location. 29° 8.383′ N, 95° 37.05′ W. Marker is in East Columbia, Texas, in Brazoria County. Marker is on Main Street south of Austin Street, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: West Columbia TX 77486, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dance Gun Shop (here, next to this marker); Aldridge - Smith House (within shouting distance of this marker); Sweeny-Waddy Log Cabin (within shouting distance of this marker); Tyler-Bryan-Weems House (within shouting distance of this marker); The Ammon Underwood House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Bell's Landing (approx. 0.2 miles away); East Columbia Historic District
"Columbia Blues" Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, May 7, 2020
2. "Columbia Blues" Marker
(approx. 0.2 miles away); M.L. Weems House (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in East Columbia.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 3, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 3, 2020, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 216 times since then and 63 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 3, 2020, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 1, 2023