In the 1860s John M. Bozeman, an adventurous young Georgian, opened a trial from Fort Laramie, Wyoming, to Virginia City, Montana, across the hostile Indian country east of here. He brought his first party through in 1863 and the next year guided a large wagon trail of emigrants and gold-seekers over this pass, racing with an outfit in charge of Jim Bridger. Bridger used a pass north of here. These pioneer speed demons made as much as fifteen or twenty miles a day-some days. The outfits reach Virginia City within a few hours of each other.
In December 1883, the Northern Pacific Railway completed a 3,610 foot tunnel under the pass. By World War II, the old tunnel was badly deteriorated and couldn’t handle the the bigger railroad cars of the time. The railroad began boring a
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Exploration • Native Americans • Railroads & Streetcars • Settlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Lewis & Clark Expedition series list.
Location. 45° 40.07′ N, 110° 48.441′ W. Marker is near Bozeman, Montana, in Gallatin County. Marker is on Interstate 90 at milepost 318, on the right when traveling west. Marker is in a pull-off on the north side of I-90 opposite Beacon Hill Road, about a mile east of exit 319. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Bozeman MT 59715, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fort Ellis (approx. 8.1 miles away); The Bozeman Trail (approx. 8.1 miles away).
Credits. This page was last revised on December 23, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 29, 2016, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. This page has been viewed 507 times since then and 3 times this year. Last updated on December 12, 2020, by Connor Olson of Lemmon, South Dakota. Photos: 1. submitted on December 12, 2020, by Connor Olson of Lemmon, South Dakota. 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 29, 2016, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.