Load! Ready! Fire!
— Fort Hill Civil War Park —
1 sponges the barrel. 2 takes the round from 5 and loads it into the barrel. 1 rams the round home while 3 holds his thumb on the vent. Once the round is in the barrel, 3 steps to the trail and assists G, the gunner, with aiming the gun.
1 and 2 step clear. 3 pricks the cartridge—punches a hole in the bag that holds the powder. 4 hooks the lanyard to the primer and inserts the primer into the vent. He then moves to the rear, taking the slack out of the lanyard.
3 steps clear of the wheel 4 pulls the lanyard, causing the gun to fire. >G orders the gun run up, and the sequence begins again.
Gun crews were often targeted by the enemy. Ominously, the manual provided instructions for firing with diminished crews, ending with "Service by two men."
The gun in front of you is a replica Model 1861 Parrott rifle Invented by Robert P. Parrott, it is easily identified by the large band at the rear of the barrel, which increased the strength of the weapon. This gun could fire a ten-pond projectile over a mile.
The Union army used hundreds of Parrotts. The Confederacy employed a number of captured guns, and several southern foundries turned out copies.
Men and Horses
When being moved, the gun was attached to a two-wheeled limber. A second limber was attached to a caisson that carried two ammunition chests. Each limber held a chest that contained additional ammunition and the tools needed to maintain and fire the gun. Each limber required four to six horses to pull it.
A sergeant (chief of piece), two corporals, an eight-man gun crew, three drivers and two horse holders were
required for each gun.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Education • Forts and Castles • War, US Civil.
Location. 38° 12.267′ N, 84° 52.167′ W. Marker is in Frankfort, Kentucky, in Franklin County. Marker is on Clifton Avenue half a mile west of Cheek Street, on the left when traveling west. The marker is near the museum on the Fort Hill Civil War Park grounds. Touch for map
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. General John Hunt Morgan's Cavalrymen (within shouting distance of this marker); "Kentucky Scouts" Frankfort Battalion (within shouting distance of this marker); Kentucky's Civil War Governors (within shouting distance of this marker); Election Of 1860 And 1864 — Kentucky (within shouting distance of this marker); Kentucky: Union Or Confederate? (within shouting distance of this marker); Remembering The Soldiers Of The War Of 1812 On Both Sides (approx. 0.2 miles away); Beneath The Soil In Front Of You (approx. 0.2 miles away); Here Lie The Remains of 250 Citizens Of Frankfort (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frankfort.
Also see . . . Fort Hill. The Capital City Museum & Leslie Morris Park on Fort Hill. (Submitted on December 14, 2020.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 14, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 13, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 38 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 13, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.