Austin in Travis County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Slavery During the Mexican National Era
During the Mexican national era, enslaved people of African descent were brought to Texas by the Anglo-American settlers introduced into Texas by Stephen F. Austin and other empresarios, land agents authorized by the Mexican government to help settle Texas.
In 1830, Mexican lawmakers prohibited further immigration into Texas from the United States and explicitly banned the introduction of enslaved people into the territory. This ban contributed to increasing tensions between United States settlers and the Mexican government, and was one of the causes of the Texas Revolution from 1835 to 1836. By the time Texas declared independence, there were approximately 5,000 enslaved Blacks in the region.
Erected 2016 by Texas African American History Memorial Foundation.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: African Americans.
Location. 30° 16.398′ N, 97° 44.49′ W. Marker is in Austin, Texas, in Travis County. Marker is at the intersection of West 11th Street and Congress Avenue, on Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1100 Congress Avenue, Austin TX 78701, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Slavery During the Republic and Early Statehood (here, next to this marker); First Contact and the Spanish Colonial Era (here, next to this marker); Civil War, Emancipation and Juneteenth (here, next to this marker); Reconstruction and the Post Slavery Experience (here, next to this marker); The 21st Century (here, next to this marker); Hendrick Arnold and Samuel McCulloch, Jr. (here, next to this marker); Post Reconstruction Challenges and Achievements (here, next to this marker); Major Achievements (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Austin.
More about this marker. The marker is one of ten markers on the Texas African American History Memorial. The monument honors the many contributions of African Americans in Texas. The markers trace the history of African Americans from the 1500s to the present.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 9, 2021. It was originally submitted on December 20, 2020, by Larry D. Moore of Del Valle, Texas. This page has been viewed 37 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 20, 2020, by Larry D. Moore of Del Valle, Texas.