Austin in Travis County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
African-American Texans have contributed to the state's culture, and have gained prominence in a host of fields. Despite the tremendous challenges posed by the institution of slavery, Jim Crow segregation and discrimination, African-Americans overcame and continue to overcome great obstacles to make a place for themselves in the Lone Star State, and are an essential part of Texas history, life and culture.
Scott Joplin, a world class composer and pianist, was known as the "King of Ragtime Writers." Jack Johnson was the first Black heavyweight boxing champion, of the world. Bessie Coleman broke historical barriers by becoming the first African-American woman aviator and one of the first licensed female pilots in the world. Navy Mess Attendant Second Class Doris "Dorie" Miller shot down four Japanese warplanes at Pearl Harbor and was awarded the Navy Cross.
Barbara Jordan was the first African-American woman elected to the Texas Senate (1966) and later became the first African-American congresswoman from Texas (1972-1978). Congressman Mickey Leland held the office previously occupied by Barbara Jordan and was
From exploration of unchartered lands in Texas to exploration of outer space, people of African descent contributed significantly to Texas history This memorial is dedicated to their struggle and their accomplishments so that both will not be forgotten.
Erected 2016 by Texas African American History Memorial Foundation.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Air & Space • Arts, Letters, Music • War, World II.
Location. 30° 16.397′ N, 97° 44.488′ W. Marker is in Austin, Texas, in Travis County. Marker is at the intersection of West 11th Street and Congress Avenue, on the right when traveling west on West 11th Street. The marker is on the grounds of the Texas State Capitol. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 100 W 11th Street, Austin TX 78701, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Post Reconstruction Challenges and Achievements (here, next to this marker); Reconstruction and the Post Slavery Experience (here, next to this marker); Civil War, Emancipation and Juneteenth (here, next to this marker); Hendrick Arnold and Samuel McCulloch, Jr. (here, next to this marker); Slavery During the Republic and Early Statehood (here, next to this marker); The 21st Century (here, next to this marker); Slavery During the Mexican National Era (here, next to this marker); Battles for Texas Independence from Mexico (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Austin.
More about this marker. The marker is one of ten markers on the Texas African American History Memorial. The monument honors the many contributions of African Americans in Texas. The markers trace the history of African Americans from the 1500s to the present.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 6, 2021. It was originally submitted on December 20, 2020, by Larry D. Moore of Del Valle, Texas. This page has been viewed 43 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 20, 2020, by Larry D. Moore of Del Valle, Texas. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.