Shaping Iron for Fittings to Run the Canal
— Wabash & Erie Canal Park Village —
A Blacksmith is one who works with iron at a furnace or forge where "black” metal, heated and wrought is formed by beating and hammering into a desired shape. A "whitesmith” worked with light metals. Early 1820's era U.S Treaties with Miami and Potawatomi people ceding lands in return for annuity payments and salt also included a blacksmith. Blacksmiths were an important part of the development of America especially during the Canal era before the work could be done by other means. There is still an important place for the custom work and the artistic products of the blacksmith.
Blacksmiths Produced Various Objects used on Canal Boats
Included were structural pieces used for protection against wear or damage such as a long 1/2 inch by 3 inch iron strap fastened to the hull and around the bow of the boat to protect against unexpected collisions or scrapings with obstacles. Small iron eyelets could be fastened to the boat deck used to attach to the towline, and iron rings for passing through a line helped stabilize a boat in a lock. A four- pronged grapnel or anchor found
Cramp: an inverted metal U-shaped clamp or staple to hold to gather coping stones of a lock.
Deadeye: mounted on the deck, an iron eyelet attached to the towline.
Forge: a furnace where metal is heated and wrought.
Bellows: a device that draws in and expels air under strong pressure used for blowing fires.
Tongs: a pair of pivoted levers used to grasp hot an iron
Hammer: for flattening and
shaping metal with repetitive
by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Under a spreading chestnut tree
The village smithy stands
The smith, a mighty man is he,
With large and sinewy hands;
And the muscles of his brawny arms
Are strong as iron bands.
And children coming home from school
Look in at the open door;
They love to see the flaming forge,
And hear the bellows roar,
And watch the burning sparks that fly
Like chaff from a threshing floor.
Goon Neck: an iron strap fastened to a lock's coping stones held a lock gate heel post in place.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Waterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Wabash & Erie Canal series list.
Location. 40° 35.5′ N, 86° 40.833′ W. Marker is in Delphi, Indiana, in Carroll County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of West North Washington Street and North Charles Street, on the right when traveling east. On the Grounds of the Wabash & Erie Canal Conference & Interpretive Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 12252 West North Washington Street, Delphi IN 46923, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. An Herb Garden (here, next to this marker); River Travel (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome To Canal Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Wabash & Erie Canal (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome To Delphi (within shouting distance of this marker); The Cooper (within shouting distance of this marker); Education Along The Canal (within shouting distance of this marker); Broom Maker (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Delphi.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 25, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 25, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 38 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 25, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.