Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Prairie du Rocher in Randolph County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Modoc Rock Shelter

 
 
Modoc Rock Shelter Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, November 30, 2020
1. Modoc Rock Shelter Marker
Inscription.  This sandstone bluff provided shelter for Native American groups beginning shortly after the Ice Age, then continuing for almost 8000 years. Periodic floods from the Mississippi River and nearby Barbeau Creek buried the abandoned camps, creating 25-feet of layered archaeological deposits.

Excavations uncovered well-preserved hearths, tools, and food remains (animal bones, shells, and plant remains). Archaeologists, botanists, zoologists, and geologists studied these remains to determine how the environment and culture of the Native Americans changed through time.

(clockwise:)

Projectile Points - These points were fastened on shafts and thrown with a spear thrower.

Perforator - This deer bone perforator was used to punch holes in hide and other materials.

Freshwater Mussel Shell - Native Americans ate mussel meat and sometimes used the shells for spoons and scrapers.

Bannerstone - Made from banded slate, this tool was used as a weight on a spear thrower

Pitted cobble - Native Americans used these to make stone tools and
Modoc Rock Shelter Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, November 30, 2020
2. Modoc Rock Shelter Marker
Marker is on the left of the two nearly identical ones.
crack and grind seeds.

Preforms - These flaked-chert preforms would later be modified into projectile points and other tools.

The shelter has a long history of archaeological research. Archaeologists from the Illinois State Museum and the University of Chicago excavated here in the 1950s. The Museum and the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee returned to carry out additional work in the 1980s

Modoc Rock Shelter is on the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Historic Landmark. Further information on this site can be obtained from the Illinois State Museum in Springfield. Please remember that it is against the law to collect artifacts or excavate at this site.
 
Erected by Illinois State Museum & Illinois Department of Natural Resources.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans.
 
Location. 38° 3.763′ N, 90° 3.841′ W. Marker is near Prairie du Rocher, Illinois, in Randolph County. Marker is on Bluff Road east of Roscow Hollow Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6908 Bluff Rd, Prairie du Rocher IL 62277, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Modoc Rock Shelter (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Modoc Rock Shelter
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
(here, next to this marker); The Creole House (approx. 2.4 miles away); German World War I Howitzer (approx. 2˝ miles away); German World War I Field Gun (approx. 2˝ miles away); The Calvary (approx. 3.1 miles away); Pierre Laclede at Chartres (approx. 4˝ miles away); Ste. Anne's Church (approx. 4.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Prairie du Rocher.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 30, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 30, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 37 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 30, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.
Paid Advertisement
Mar. 6, 2021