Middleburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Middleburg
— Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on June 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. Confederate cavalry commander Gen. J.E.B. Stuart cut Federal communications and rail lines an captured supplies. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates retreated, crossing the Potomac River into Virginia on July 14th.
The three buildings in front of you—a blacksmith shop that was used as a rendezvous for Col. John S. Mosby's rangers, the smith's house to your right, and a tavern to the left—were standing here on the Ashby's Gap Turnpike during the cavalry battle on June 19, 1863.
Two days after the fight at Aldie, the troopers clashed again here as Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart continued to screen
Johann August Heinrich Heros von Brocke, a Prussion Army lieutenant who came to America to fight for the Confederacy, was a good friend and aide-de-camp to Gen. J.E.B. Stuart. South of here, during the Battle of Middleburg, the 6-foot-4-inch von Borcke was shot in the neck and
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 38° 58.051′ N, 77° 45.749′ W. Marker is in Middleburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker can be reached from John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) west of Zulla Road (Virginia Route 709), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 36001 John Mosby Hwy, Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Horse Artillery at Mt. Defiance (within shouting distance of this marker); The Prussian Warrior Heros Von Borcke Goes Down (within shouting distance of this marker); Mt. Defiance, the Turnpike, and Middleburg (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Mount Defiance (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle Begins: Fighting East and Southeast of Mt. DefiancePhase Two of the Battle: Fighting Along the Turnpike (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle Concludes: Buford's Flanking Movement & Stuart's Withdrawal (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battle of Middleburg (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Middleburg.
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Middleburg - Overview. (Submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
2. Battle of Middleburg - Map. (Submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
3. Battle of Middleburg - 10 Facts. (Submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 7, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. This page has been viewed 293 times since then and 31 times this year. Last updated on January 5, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. 6. submitted on January 4, 2021, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 7. submitted on May 30, 2018, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.