West Columbia in Brazoria County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
General Santa Anna, the president of Mexico, posed one of the greatest problems to the new republic. Captured following the Mexican army's defeat at San Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, Santa Anna and the Texas cabinet traveled aboard the steamboat Laura from Galveston to Velasco arriving May 10, 1836. Treaty negotiations between Texas and Mexico were ongoing in Velasco where Santa Anna remained until June 15. In the Treaties of Velasco, Santa Anna publicly ordered his troops out of Texas and secretly agreed that if the Texans would return him to Mexico he would work for Texas' recognition as a republic; however, the new Mexican government refused to honor a treaty signed by a prisoner of war. Santa Anna was then transported to what is now known as Varner-Hogg Plantation. Despite one attempt on his life, Santa Anna was allowed visitors and played dominoes and checkers with his guards. On July 30, Santa Anna was moved approximately twelve miles out of Columbia to Orozimbo Plantation, the home of Dr. James A. E. Phelps, a surgeon in the Texas Army. On December 2, President Houston, who had used Santa Anna as leverage for Texas' recognition
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Government & Politics • War, Texas Independence.
Location. 29° 8.683′ N, 95° 38.864′ W. Marker is in West Columbia, Texas, in Brazoria County. Marker is at the intersection of East Brazos Avenue and North 17th Street, on the right when traveling west on East Brazos Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: West Columbia TX 77486, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Selection of Columbia (here, next to this marker); Josiah Hughes Bell 1791-1838 (here, next to this marker); Columbia's Role in the Discontent (here, next to this marker); The Runaway Scrape (here, next to this marker); Sam Houston, First President of the Republic (here, next to this marker); The Old Three Hundred (here, next to this marker); Problems Facing the New Republic (a few steps from this marker); Members of the House of Representatives (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Columbia.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 16, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 12, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 37 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 12, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.