Indian and United States government relations were defined by treaties between sovereign nations and recognized as law by our Constitution. In exchange for land that became Alabama and Mississippi, President Thomas Jefferson made an agreement in 1803 with the state of Georgia to extinguish Indian land claims, as soon as it could be peaceably accomplished, by moving them west of the Mississippi River. This became law when President Andrew Jackson pushed through the Indian Removal Act of 1830. By this time, the Cherokees had given up about 95 percent of their ancestral land by treaties that provided protection against further encroachment on their lands by whites settlers.
The Cherokee Nation flourished in the early 1800's and was the most advanced of the Five Civilized Tribes. Under the influence of missionaries and educated whites married to Cherokees, they had evolved from hunter-gatherers to a literate agricultural society with a National Government similar to the United States. Sequoyah's invention of a syllabary allowed them to quickly become literate in their own language and publish a newspaper in Cherokee and English.
[Marker translated into Cherokee]
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans. In addition, it is included in the Trail of Tears series list.
Location. 35° 24.425′ N, 85° 0.368′ W. Marker is in Birchwood, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is on Blythe Ferry Lane (County Road 131) 1.3 miles north of Blythe Ferry Road
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Consequences (a few steps from this marker); "Your Fate is Decided" (a few steps from this marker); General Winfield Scott (a few steps from this marker); "Orders No. 25" (a few steps from this marker); "To Learn and not Forget" (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named "Your Fate is Decided" (a few steps from this marker); "Chains of Friendship" (a few steps from this marker); "Given by the Great Spirit above" (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Birchwood.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 31, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 30, 2021, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 49 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 30, 2021, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.