“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Buckeye Furnace in Jackson County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Raw Materials

Raw Materials Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, October 23, 2020
1. Raw Materials Marker
The iron-making process required three basic ingredients: iron ore, charcoal, and limestone. When mixed in proper amounts and subjected to intense heat in the furnace, these ingredients combined to produce molten iron and a waste material called slag.

Iron Ore
The primary ingredient in the iron-making process was iron ore. The ore used at Buckeye Furnace was mined in the vicinity and transported in wagons to the furnace.

The iron ore in this region was found near the surface in seams five- to eight-inches thick. Miners seldom dug deeper than twelve feet to find the ore. Then, they stripped away the soil and rock that overlaid the ore.

After ore arrived at the furnace stockyard, it was "roasted” to get rid of the impurities. This process required furnace workers to construct a mound consisting of layers of charcoal and iron ore covered with soil (Illustration 1). The charcoal was ignited and allowed to burn for several days. As the charcoal burned, it removed impurities from the ore.

Once the ore was purified, it was stored in the yard or in the stock shed until it was needed. The ore was

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then transported to the charging shed for use in the furnace.

A teamster and his mule team pull approximately 100 bushels of charcoal, Jefferson Furnace, Jackson County.

A kiln of ore ready to be fired, Keystone Furnace, Jackson County. circa 1865-1877.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Industry & Commerce. In addition, it is included in the Appalachian Iron Furnaces series list.
Location. 39° 3.35′ N, 82° 27.383′ W. Marker is in Buckeye Furnace, Ohio, in Jackson County. Marker is on Buckeye Park Road (County Road 167) 0.2 miles north of Buckeye Road (County Road 165), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 123 Buckeye Park Rd, Wellston OH 45692, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Charcoal (within shouting distance of this marker); Limestone (within shouting distance of this marker); Stock Shed (within shouting distance of this marker); Stockyard (within shouting distance of this marker); Labor At Charcoal Iron Furnace (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Shipment Of Iron (about 300 feet away); Engine House (about 300 feet away); Casting (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buckeye Furnace.

Raw Materials Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, October 23, 2020
2. Raw Materials Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on February 11, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 10, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 121 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on February 10, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 14, 2024