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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Sdot Yam in Hadera, Haifa District, Israel
 

History of the Compound

 
 
History of the Compound Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, December 3, 2019
1. History of the Compound Marker
Inscription.  

The Palace was erected in several stages and underwent various alterations. At the end of the Roman period, the role of the whole area changed. The Upper Palace was partitioned into private swellings, before being abandoned at the end of the Byzantine period. When both the hippodrome and the palace ceased to function, buildings were erected on their remains, including a prayer hall and a public latrine. In the Early Islamic period, the whole area of the theater was apparently turned into a ribat (a fortress erected for the purpose of the Jihad, or "Holy War"), surrounded by agricultural fields.

Stage I: Herodian? through Early Roman 1 - Lower Palace (2 stories) 2 - Upper Palace (shortly later), (1 or 2 stories?) 3 - Portico 4 - Peristyle Courtyard 5 - Audience Hall 6 - Mikveh & Bathhouse 7 - Barrel-vaulted Cistern

Stage II: Roman 8 - Well 9 - Entrance Complex 10 - Large Bathhouse 11 - Offices & Administrative Units 12 - Stoa (or Basilica)

תולדות המכלול
הארמון
History of the Compound Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, December 3, 2019
2. History of the Compound Marker
נבנה בשלבים אחדים ונעשו בו שינויים פנימיים. לאחר התקופה הרומית, השתנה ייעוד האזור כולו. הארמון העליון חולק ליחידות מגורים פרטיות, והאתר ניטש סופית בשלהי התקופה הביזאנטית. על הריסות ההיפודרום והארמון הוקמו מבנים שונים, כגון בית תפילה ומבנה
Palace Compound detail image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, December 3, 2019
3. Palace Compound detail
בית שימוש. בתקופה המוסלמית הקדומה אזור התיאטרון הפך כנראה לריבאט (מבצר ממוקם באזורי ספר למטרת גייהד, "מלחמת קודש"), שהיה מוקף בשדות חקלאיים.

שלב 1: מתקופת הורדוס (?) עד רומי קדום
1. (ארמון תחתון (שתי קומות) 2. (ארמון עליון (קומה אחת או שתיים!). (קצת מאוחר יותר) 3.
History of the Compound Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, December 3, 2019
4. History of the Compound Marker
פורטיקו 4. חצר פריסטילית 5. אולם הקבלה 6. מקווה ובית-מרחץ ו מאגר מים מקומר חביתי. 7

שלב :II רומי 8 בור מים 9 מערך כניסה 10 בית מרחץ גדול 11 לשכות ומשרדים 12 (סטואה, או בזיליקה)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyArchitecture.
 
Location. 32° 29.838′ N, 34° 53.412′ E. Marker is in Sdot Yam, Haifa District, in Hadera. Marker is on Israel National Trail, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Chariot-Races (a few steps from this marker); King Herod's Hippodrome (a few steps from this marker); I Appeal Unto Caesar
The Peristyle Courtyard, nearby image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, December 3, 2019
5. The Peristyle Courtyard, nearby
(within shouting distance of this marker); Power and Control (within shouting distance of this marker); Dedicatory Inscription (within shouting distance of this marker); The Roman Well (within shouting distance of this marker); The Lower Palace (within shouting distance of this marker); The Promontory Palace (within shouting distance of this marker).
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 23, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 13, 2021, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 40 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 13, 2021, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.
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Feb. 26, 2021