The John C. Russell House
Perryville • The Battle For Kentucky
— October 8, 1862 —
The Russell House was used as the headquarters of Union First Corps, commanded by Major General Alexander M. McCook. As the Battle progressed, it was used as a hospital, was captured, recaptured, and survived until 1962.
A two-story white Federal style home and farm structures (barn, smokehouse) stood here. The home was built around 1835 and burned to the ground in 1962. The farm was owned by John Calvin Russell during the Battle of Perryville. The Russell family owned approximately 140 acres consisting of 20 acres in corn, 15 in wheat, and 5 or 6 in meadow, and some land in oats.
On the morning of October 8 1862, General Alexander McDowell McCook took possession of the house as Federal headquarters for the I Corps of the Army of the Ohio. The location of the house on the high knoll offered an excellent opportunity to view the battle taking place to the South, East, and West.
Just before the battle, John was feeding his hogs when a man approached warning him to take his family to safety to avoid the conflict. John took his wife Frances, his children Isophenia, Amanda, Susan, John, Waller, George, Emily, Sarah,
The family returned 2 days after the battle to find their land being used as a hospital for wounded Union and Confederate troops. Fine mahogany furniture was used as feed troughs for army animals and all the home-spun linens were used as bandages for the wounded. Fence rails were used as firewood and most of the food and animals were taken by the troops. During the battle, the house was shelled by confederate cannon that tore off the top of the east chimney. The battle claimed one family member as Susannah Bailey Laws a few weeks after returning home. She died at the age of 83 from complications of exposure after being forced to flee from the Battle of Perryville.
Arriving at the first, known as the Russell House, I found about one hundred and fifty wounded, most of them lying on the ground in the yard, and no surgeon, except Surgeon G.D. Beebe, U.S.V., medical director of McCook's Corps, and three or four from the 1st division. They had labored all night as best they could. No supplies having reached this hospital, they were compelled to amputate without chloroform. —Union Surgeon James G. Hatchitt
In the yard several of the enemy's dead were lying - in the smoke house near by several more lay dead, having crawled there during
I reached Mr. Russell's white house. Here was the center of great battle. The house was dotted over with hundreds
Erected by Allan "Ray” Russell and children; Tess Blevins, Verna Morse, DeWayne Russell and families, Chuck and Jason Kays and families. Descendants of John Calvin Russell.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is October 8, 1862.
Location. 37° 40.13′ N, 84° 58.865′ W. Marker is in Perryville, Kentucky, in Boyle County. Marker is on Hays Mays Road east of Whites Road, on the left when traveling west. Located at Interpretive Marker 34 on the Perryville Battlefield Trail System (The Russell House Trail). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Perryville KY 40468, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Illinois Soldiers at Perryville (within shouting distance of this marker); Dixville Crossroads (within shouting distance of this marker); George P. Webster's Brigade (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Russell House (about 500 feet away); 80th Indiana (approx. 0.2 miles away); General Polk Behind Enemy Lines (approx. 0.2 miles away); Harris' Battery (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Slaughter Pen (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Perryville.
Also see . . . Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site. Kentucky State Parks (Submitted on February 25, 2021.)
Credits. This page was last revised on March 1, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 25, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. This page has been viewed 296 times since then and 96 times this year. Last updated on February 25, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos: 1. submitted on February 25, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. 2. submitted on February 27, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. 3. submitted on February 25, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.