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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Black Rock in Randolph County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
 

County Jail

 

— Davidsonville Historic State Park —

 
County Jail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 3, 2021
1. County Jail Marker
Inscription.  
Jail Construction
Trials of the accused and incarceration of the guilty are two functions of a county seat, so the building of a jail was paired with that of the courthouse. The funds to pay for its construction also came from the sale of public lands. The jail probably was made of brick or stone, although no records remain to confirm this. The location of the jail is based on archival records and archeological remains.

Court Records
The first mention of the Davidsonville jail appears in court records on July 7, 1818, when the court paid an allowance for bringing a prisoner “to Jail.” Other mentions of the jail in court records refer to repair and maintenance of the building and care of the prisoners. Types of crimes that resulted in jailing included theft (usually of livestock), murder, and unpaid debt.

Jail Artifacts
Artifacts found here include building fragments, such as brick, window glass, and square nails. Less expected were the kitchen artifacts that include fragments of redware vessels used to prepare and store food, broken ceramic tableware, and

County Jail Marker with "ghost" Courthouse in background. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 3, 2021
2. County Jail Marker with "ghost" Courthouse in background.
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part of a cast iron kettle. These items undoubtedly were used to prepare and serve meals to the prisoners and jailers.

Captions:
Left: Surveyor's description and plat of the Davidsonville Jail, 1816.
Middle: The jail at Davidsonville might have had a door like this one at Powhatan Historic State Park 8 miles south on Arkansas Highway 25.
Right: A holding cell from the interior of the Powhatan Jail at Powhatan Historic State Park located 8 miles south on Arkansas Highway 25.

 
Erected by the State of Arkansas.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Places. A significant historical date for this entry is July 7, 1818.
 
Location. 36° 9.295′ N, 91° 3.407′ W. Marker is near Black Rock, Arkansas, in Randolph County. Marker is on Arkansas Route 166 0.6 miles south of Arkansas Route 361. Located 11 miles south of Pocahontas within the Davidsonville Historic State Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8047 Hwy 166 S, Pocahontas AR 72455, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Public House (a few steps from this marker); County Seat Town (within shouting distance of this marker); Courthouse Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Oldest Town Site in Arkansas (within shouting distance of this marker); Davidsonville's Courthouse

Map showing Public Square and park trails. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 12, 2021
3. Map showing Public Square and park trails.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Commerce and Business (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Archeology Uncovers the Past (about 300 feet away); Davidsonville Town Site (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Black Rock.
 
More about this marker. Marker is located within the Public Square on the Historic Townsite Trail.
 
Also see . . .  Encyclopedia of Arkansas article about Davidsonville Historic State Park. (Submitted on April 12, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 13, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 12, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 43 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on April 12, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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May. 14, 2021