Armistice and Legacy
As American troops moved through the Meuse-Argonne, it became apparent that Germany had lost the war. An armistice was signed on November 11, 1918, effective at 11:00 a.m. — the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month.
In January 1919 the Allies met in Paris to negotiate the peace. President Wilson sought a peace based on his "Fourteen Points," meant to foster international peace and cooperation. While some of the terms were included in the final treaty, including creation of a League of Nations, the pre-war colonial system remained in place. The Allies also compelled Germany to accept responsibility for starting the war, give up territory and colonies, and pay crippling war reparations. The formal Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, but the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the treaty.
World War I profoundly changed America and the world. The war ushered in the era of modern warfare; war was now waged in the air and under the sea, and new weapons and industrial capacity gave war an unprecedented scale and technological savagery.
The harsh penalties imposed on Germany contributed to the
But the aftermath of the war also saw the first attempt to establish international organizations to prevent war. While the League of Nations was ineffective, it led to the United Nations and greater international cooperation.
By 1918, America was the world's strongest industrial power, and a leading player on the world state. Two million Americans had gone to Europe, and America now looked at the world with new eyes — as, too, the world looked at America.
"Their bodies return to dust but their work liveth for evermore. Let us strive on to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations."
From the Great Frieze at the Liberty Memorial in Kansas City
Erected 2021 by World War I Centennial Commission, American Battle Monuments Commission.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Peace • War, Cold • War, World I • War, World II. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #28 Woodrow Wilson series list. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1919.
Location. 38° 53.765′ N, 77° 1.961′ W. Marker is in Federal Triangle in Washington, District of Columbia. Marker is on Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest just west of 14th Street Northwest, in the median. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1400 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington DC 20004, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Soldier's Journey (here, next to this marker); Americans All (here, next to this marker); World War I Remembered (here, next to this marker); From Homefront to Battlefront (here, next to this marker); The AEF in the Great War, 1917-1918 (here, next to this marker); Beyond the AEF (here, next to this marker); World War I, 1914-1917 (here, next to this marker); World War I Memorial (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Federal Triangle.
Credits. This page was last revised on April 18, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 18, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 36 times since then. Photo 1. submitted on April 18, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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