Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

African Union Church

Seneca Village Community

 
 
African Union Church wayside image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 17, 2020
1. African Union Church wayside
Inscription.  
Near this sign stood the first church in Seneca Village: African Union, a Methodist church built around 1840. The original congregation formed in and around Wilmington, Delaware, and its leaders built their first church in Manhattan around 1836, on 15th Street near Sixth Avenue. Their second church, in Seneca Village, appears to have been a satellite location built to serve the growing African-American population there. The small churchyard was used as a burial ground. William Matthews, a man from Delaware who lived in Seneca Village, worker as the sexton, looking after the church and churchyard.

Next to the church was a small primary school, Colored School No. 3. Based on census records, a comparatively high percentage of African-American families in Seneca Village sent their children to school. Although little is known about the church and school, they represent the important role of African-American institutions in establishing Seneca Village as an autonomous community.
 
Erected 2020 by Central Park Conservancy.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans
African Union Church wayside site image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 17, 2020
2. African Union Church wayside site
Like most Seneca Village sites, there are no physical remains or representations to be had.
Click or scan to see
this page online
Parks & Recreational AreasSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1840.
 
Location. 40° 47.042′ N, 73° 58.094′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker can be reached from West 85th Street east of Central Park West. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Central Park, New York NY 10024, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Seneca Village (a few steps from this marker); AME Zion Church (a few steps from this marker); Seneca Village Community (within shouting distance of this marker); Seneca Village Landscape (within shouting distance of this marker); Searching for Seneca Village (within shouting distance of this marker); The Wilson House (within shouting distance of this marker); All Angels’ Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Geology (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
 
Also see . . .
1. Seneca Village. Wikipedia entry (Submitted on April 20, 2021, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.) 

2. Seneca Village Site. Central Park Conservancy website entry:
Links to several related sub-topics (Submitted on April 20, 2021, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.) 

3. Seneca Village, New York City. National Park Service entry (Submitted on April 20, 2021, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 17, 2020
3. Inset
"The school in Seneca Village was a city school with roots in the abolitionist movement. This engraving depicts the African Free School No. 2 located on Mulberry Street, one of several schools created beginning in the late 1700s by the New York Manumission Society. This anti-slavery organization led by influential white New Yorkers provided education to the children of slaves and free African Americans. In the 1830s, there schools became part of the city’s public school system."
 
 
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, 110
4. Inset
"This reference to African Union Church in Seneca Village was found in an article about African-American churches in New York City, published in a noted newspaper called The Colored American in 1840."
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 17, 2020
5. Inset
"This map shows the African Union Church and Colored School No. 3 as small buildings located on an irregularly-sized lot. They are highly significant as the first institutions in Seneca Village."
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 26, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 20, 2021, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 35 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 20, 2021, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.

Share This Page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=171414

Paid Advertisement
May. 14, 2021