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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cincinnati in Hamilton County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Albert B. Sabin, MD

1906–1993

 
 
Albert B. Sabin, MD Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 1, 2019
1. Albert B. Sabin, MD Marker
Inscription.  Albert B. Sabin developed the oral, live-virus polio vaccine at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Children’s Hospital Research Foundation, where between 1939 and 1969, he conducted his most significant research. His vaccine has nearly eradicated the dreaded “infantile paralysis” that killed or maimed millions of children. Dr. Sabin, who considered Cincinnati his home, made many other significant medical discoveries here, particularly in the area of tropical diseases. Presidents and royalty worldwide honored him, including President Bill Clinton who said he was “one of the great heroes of American medicine.” His numerous awards include the U. S. National Medal of Medicine (1970), Presidential Medal of Freedom (1986), Medal of Liberty (1986), and Order of Friendship among Peoples awarded by the President of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R.
 
Erected 2003 by the Ohio Bicentennial Commission, the International Paper Company Foundation, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 34-31.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed
Albert B. Sabin, MD Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 1, 2019
2. Albert B. Sabin, MD Marker
The courtyard at the entrance to the building was under construction.
Click or scan to see
this page online
in this topic list: Science & Medicine. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #42 William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton, and the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1961.
 
Location. 39° 8.182′ N, 84° 30.352′ W. Marker is in Cincinnati, Ohio, in Hamilton County. Marker is at the intersection of Eden Avenue and Piedmont Avenue, on the right when traveling south on Eden Avenue. The marker stands to the right of the main entrance to the Vontz Center for Molecular Studies. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3125 Eden Ave, Cincinnati OH 45219, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Daniel Drake, M.D (approx. 0.2 miles away); Albert Washington (approx. 0.7 miles away); Edison R. "Big Ed" Thompson (approx. 0.7 miles away); Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives (approx. 0.8 miles away); Boyhood Home of Dr. Winthrop Smith Sterling (approx. one mile away); Harriet Beecher Stowe (approx. one
Albert B. Sabin, MD Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Baker, April 24, 2021
3. Albert B. Sabin, MD Marker
mile away); Lane Theological Seminary / The Lane Seminary Debates (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cincinnati.
 
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia entry for Albert Sabin. “Sabin was born in Białystok, Poland, then part of the Russian Empire, to Polish-Jewish parents, Jacob Saperstein and Tillie Krugman. In 1921, he emigrated with his family as Abram Saperstejn on the S/S Lapland which sailed from Antwerp, Belgium, to the Port of New York. In 1930, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States and changed his name to Albert Sabin, as well as assuming the middle name Bruce.”

“Sabin refused to patent his vaccine, waiving every commercial exploitation by pharmaceutical industries, so that the low price would guarantee a more extensive spread of the treatment. From the development of his vaccine Sabin did not gain a single dollar, and continued to live on his salary as a professor. The Sabin Vaccine Institute was founded in 1993 to continue the work of developing and promoting vaccines.” (Submitted on June 7, 2019.) 

2. Wikipedia entry for Polio Vaccine. “Because of the commitment to the [injected] Salk vaccine in America, Sabin and Hilary
Polio Oral Vaccine Sugar Cube image. Click for full size.
By unknown photographer, Wellcome Library, London, circa 1980
4. Polio Oral Vaccine Sugar Cube
Koprowski both did their testing outside the United States, Sabin in Mexico and then in the Soviet Union, and Koprowski in the Congo and Poland. In 1957, Sabin developed a trivalent vaccine, containing attenuated strains of all three types of poliovirus. In 1959, ten million children in the Soviet Union received the Sabin oral vaccine. For this work, Sabin was given the medal of the Order of Friendship Among Peoples, described as the Soviets’ highest civilian honor, despite having become an American during the height of the cold war. Sabin's oral vaccine using live virus came into commercial use in 1961.”

“Once Sabin’s oral vaccine became widely available, it supplanted Salk’s injected vaccine, which had been tarnished in the public’s opinion by the Cutter incident, in which Salk vaccines prepared by one company resulted in several children dying or becoming paralyzed.” (Submitted on June 7, 2019.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 24, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 7, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 174 times since then and 32 times this year. Last updated on April 24, 2021, by Craig Baker of Sylmar, California. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 7, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.   3. submitted on April 24, 2021, by Craig Baker of Sylmar, California.   4. submitted on June 7, 2019. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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