“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Orange in Orange County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Timber and Logging

Timber and Logging Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cajun Scrambler, April 26, 2021
1. Timber and Logging Marker
The trees have had more historical significance than any other aspect of Blue Elbow Swamp. As one of only a few bald cypress and tupelo gum bottomland hardwood areas along the upper Texas coast, the swamp encompasses the transition zone from freshwater cypress swamp to coastal marsh. Once a full forest of valuable wood. the land played its most significant role in the logging industry of the Orange area.

Throughout the 1800s and early 1900s, as east Texas was settled by Europeans, the huge bald cypress and water tupelo became valuable building materials in the region and around the world due to their tendency to resist decay. Using a method called girdling. loggers cut through the bark around the base of the tree to kill it and let it dry our. The trees remained standing in that condition until flooding occurred during the winter, then were cut and floated down the Sabine River to the sawmills. Some of the stumps still bear these bark marks at their bases more than 100 years later.

While early means of logging did little permanent damage to Blue Elbow Swamp, equipment and methods used during the 1940s caused lasting damage to the ecosystem.

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The use of heavy diesel-powered draglines and wince boats helped loggers speed up productivity but also disrupted the proper flow of water for the growth of trees. The once full forest of valuable wood stands today as a landscape scattered with moss and cypress stumps.

Did You Know?
Because cypress resists rot, it was extremely desirable for construction in humid climates. Shipped from Orange to areas around the world, most of the famous plantation homes in the south were built of cypress and tupelo shingles.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Horticulture & ForestryIndustry & CommerceParks & Recreational Areas.
Location. 30° 7.443′ N, 93° 42.808′ W. Marker is in Orange, Texas, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 10, 5 miles west of Louisiana State Highway 109 Interchange (U.S. 90), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1708 I-10, Orange TX 77632, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Emma Henderson Wallace (approx. 1.6 miles away); Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown (approx. 1.7 miles away); Hollywood Community Cemetery (approx. 1.7 miles away); Black Education in Orange County (approx. 1.7 miles away); Salem United Methodist Church

Timber and Logging Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cajun Scrambler, April 26, 2021
2. Timber and Logging Marker
(approx. 2 miles away); a different marker also named Black Education in Orange County (approx. 2 miles away); Mount Zion Missionary Baptist Church (approx. 2 miles away); Office of the Supervisor of Shipbuilding and Consolidated Steel Corporation (approx. 2.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Orange.
More about this marker. Located on the Orange Texas Travel Information Center nature boardwalk.
Credits. This page was last revised on April 29, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 29, 2021, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 250 times since then and 48 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 29, 2021, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana.

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Jun. 21, 2024