“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lisbon in Columbiana County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)


A Premature Surrender

— John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail —

Gavers Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Carl "Skip" Roos, May 13, 2021
1. Gavers Marker
Inscription.  After a skirmish with Union forces on July 26, 1863, Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan regrouped the several hundred Confederate raiders who remained with him and turned east. Morgan's route down this valley was aimed toward East Liverpool on the Ohio River, where a ford would allow passage into western Virginia.

In the meantime, the citizens of New Lisbon, now Lisbon, organized several groups of volunteer mounted militia who, with a single antique cannon, marched to the vicinity of Gavers to bar Morgan's passage. Charles D. Maus, sent out as a scout, was captured by Morgan's men and was delegated to communicate with the remaining militia.

The Confederates offered to leave Columbiana County without damaging persons or property if they were not fired on. As a result, the militia commander, Captain James Burbick, and Maus joined Morgan as they continued east toward West Point.

When he noticed clouds of dust to the rear and south, Morgan proposed surrendering his sick and wounded men to Burbick. Shortly thereafter, Morgan offered to surrender his entire command if Burbick paroled everyone, permitted them to retain
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their horses and weapons, and escorted them out of Ohio. Burbick, not an authorized officer and largely a prisoner himself, reluctantly agreed to Morgan's dictated terms.

Picture 1 Caption:
Following the war James Burbick (right center) returned to the site of his encounter with General Morgan. The scene was documented with a photograph. This drawing is based on that image.

Picture 2 Caption:
The end of Morgan's Raid: (1) Union troops and artillery occupying Salineville force Morgan to the west; (2) After several skirmishes, the remnants of Morgan's command reunite; (3) Morgan turns eastward, hoping to reach an Ohio River ford; (4) A hastily organized civilian militia sets out to confront Morgan; (5) The New Lisbon militia allows Morgan, accompanied by two of their men, to pass to the east; (6) Morgan offers to surrender his command to Captain Burbick, a leader of the New Lisbon militia, who accepts; (7) When this agreement refuses to be recognized, Morgan officially surrenders his men to Major George Rue and Brigadier General James Shackelford of the U.S. Cavalry.

Picture 3 Caption:
A thirty-six-year-old Kentuckian and Mexican American War veteran, Major George Washington Rue is officially credited with capturing John Hunt Morgan and 364 raiders.
Erected by Ohio Civil War Trail Commission, Civil
Gavers Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Gregory Roos, May 13, 2021
2. Gavers Marker
War 150 Ohio, Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 55.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail in Ohio series list. A significant historical date for this entry is July 26, 1863.
Location. 40° 41.934′ N, 80° 45.086′ W. Marker is in Lisbon, Ohio, in Columbiana County. Marker is on Ohio Route 518, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 39832 OH-518, Lisbon OH 44432, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Morgan's Surrender (approx. 0.4 miles away); West Point Vicinity (approx. 0.4 miles away); Church Hill Road Bridge / Timber Covered Bridges (approx. 5 miles away); The Old Stone Tavern (approx. 5.1 miles away); Stone Lockplate (approx. 5.1 miles away); Lisbon (approx. 5.1 miles away); Columbiana County Courthouse (approx. 5.1 miles away); United States of America Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients (approx. 5.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lisbon.
Gavers Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Carl "Skip" Roos, May 13, 2021
3. Gavers Marker
Gavers Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Gregory Roos, May 13, 2021
4. Gavers Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on January 23, 2023. It was originally submitted on May 18, 2021, by Gregory Roos of Cincinnati, Ohio. This page has been viewed 441 times since then and 40 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 18, 2021, by Gregory Roos of Cincinnati, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 24, 2024