“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fort Atkinson in Winneshiek County, Iowa — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)

Stockade & Main Gate

Protecting the Troops

— Fort Atkinson State Preserve —

Stockade & Main Gate Marker image. Click for full size.
August 17, 2017
1. Stockade & Main Gate Marker
Inscription.  The fort is laid out in a rectangular shape with the four main barracks arranged around a central parade ground. At 11 feet 9 inches high, the stockade surrounds the main buildings. The pickets, made mostly of oak and some linwood and bass, were hewed flat, fit close together and tipped with iron. There were tree gates in the stockade. The main gate opened to the north onto the Military Road which was the main route for travel. The original stockade was torn down and used for firewood in the 1950's.

Along the reconstructed stockade you will notice sections where the logs are horizontal rather than upright. Unique construction of the outer walls of some buildings became part of the stockade. You will also notice that in places the stockade walls are shorter to allow a view beyond the wall, an intentional design when the walls were renovated. Originally, gun openings were cut at regular intervals around the entire stockade wall allowing the military to see out and protect the fort.

Photo captions:
The entire area wasn't enclosed by the stockade. On the north side of Military Road stood a number of other buildings which

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played an important role in the fort's operation. There was a carpenter shop, bakehouse, laundress houses, blacksmith shop, quartermaster's office, stables and a granary.

All surface evidence of these buildings has been destroyed by modern agriculture and development, however, in 2006 an archaeological survey using ground-penetrating radar identified the buried remains of some of them.
Erected by Iowa Department of Natural Resources.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ArchitectureForts and CastlesSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1840.
Location. 43° 8.735′ N, 91° 56.323′ W. Marker is in Fort Atkinson, Iowa, in Winneshiek County. Marker can be reached from 2nd Street east of 8th Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 303 2nd St, Fort Atkinson IA 52144, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Constructing Fort Atkinson (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Atkinson (within shouting distance of this marker); East Officers' Quarters (within shouting distance of this marker); North Barracks (within shouting distance of this marker); Powder House (within shouting distance of this marker);

Northeast block house in front of the stockade marker image. Click for full size.
August 17, 2017
2. Northeast block house in front of the stockade marker
Root House & Ice House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); South Barracks (about 300 feet away); Guard House (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Atkinson.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 26, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 24, 2021. This page has been viewed 78 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 24, 2021. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.

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Sep. 23, 2023