Near Richmond in Madison County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
Sturdy, Accurate and Reliable
3-inch Ordnance Rifle
This gun is a replica, non-firing 3-inch ordnance rifle. John Griffen with the Phoenix Iron Company of Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, developed this gun in the late 1850s. His prototype passed U.S. government tests in June 1861. Soon afterward, the Ordnance Department ordered 300 guns.
Before the Civil War ended in 1865, Phoenix Iron Company had supplied over 1,100 of these weapons to the Union army. The Confederate army also used 3-inch ordnance rifles - both copies made by Southern foundries and guns captured from the Union army.
Sturdy and Accurate
With a pound of powder, the 3-inch ordnance rifle could fire a nine-pound projectile over a mile. Sturdy and accurate, this weapon was more reliable than the 10-pounder Parrott also used by the Union army.
Bore Diameter: 3.0 inches
Tube Material: wrought iron
Length of Tube: 73 inches
Weight of Tube: 816 pounds
Powder Charge: 1 pound
Men and Horses
Lieut. Edwin O. Lanphere commanded the Union artillery at Richmond - an improvised
Each gun required two six-horse teams. One pulled the gun (or piece), which was hooked to a limber. The limber carried an ammunition chest and tools. The second pulled the caisson, which held three ammunition chests. Each team had three drivers. The gun crew consisted of nine men. A sergeant - the chief of piece - and two corporals commanded the gun-and-caisson unit, called a platoon.
A traveling forge, supply wagons, and six additional caissons accompanied each battery. A lieutenant commanded the line of caissons. Two staff sergeants, five artificers, two buglers and a guidon-bearer completed the staff.
Union officers pose with a 3-inch ordinance rifle in Virginia.
Pvt. Davis Shepard (mounted), 11th New York Light Artillery, next to a 3-inch
A battery of six 3-inch ordinance rifles in Virginia, ca. 1862.
Erected by Civil War Discovery Trail.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1861.
Location. 37° 41.075′ N, 84° 15.502′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Kentucky, in Madison County. Marker can be reached Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 101 Battlefield Memorial Highway, Richmond KY 40475, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fight at Rogersville (a few steps from this marker); Battle of Richmond Masonic Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Battle of Richmond (within shouting distance of this marker); Patrick Ronayne Cleburne (within shouting distance of this marker); General Mahlon Manson (within shouting distance of this marker); Route of Advance (within shouting distance of this marker); General Edmund Kirby Smith (within shouting distance of this marker); General William "Bull" Nelson (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 27, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 27, 2021, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas. This page has been viewed 86 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 27, 2021, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas.