Parkers Crossroads in Henderson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
A Dogged Defense
A Successful Raid
Most historians consider Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest's West Tennessee Raid a success, and he gets much credit for his actions at Parker's Crossroads. Confederate General Earl Van Dorn's destruction of General Ulysses Grant's supply depot at Holly Springs, Mississippi, and Forrest's destruction of the railroad network in West Tennessee canceled Union plans for a Vicksburg offensive. The Confederacy had checked Grant—but what of the Union fight at Parker's Crossroads?
"The roar of battle was tremendous"
Forrest wanted to dispatch Colonel Cyrus Dunham's brigade, and if necessary, turn and fight the pursuing brigade. Forrest led with his artillery to save his men. Dunham, who had received much criticism for surrendering his command in September at Munfordville, Kentucky, was determined to hold at all costs. Forrest outnumbered Dunham in men, and his artillery roughed up the Midwestern brigade. Yet, the Union soldiers repulsed the Confederate assault on their rear and held the fence, though the effort divided Dunham's command in half. Forrest, convinced of victory, sent in
"We have seen hard service"
What would have happened in Colonel John W. Fuller's Ohio Brigade had not arrived when it did will never be known. Forrest was fighting time as well as the Federal soldiers. The Confederates had forced Dunham's brigade from one position to another all day, yet still they held on.
"We have seen hard service," Lieut. Colonel Samuel Wells of the 50th Indiana wrote his daughter a few days later. Indeed they had. The raw, outnumbered and outgunned Union force fought tenaciously against Forrest's veterans.
Erected 2015 by Parker's Crossroads Battlefield Association.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
Location. 35° 47.178′ N, 88° 23.108′ W. Marker is in Parkers Crossroads, Tennessee, in Henderson County. Marker is on Federal Lane, 0.2 miles east of Tennessee Route 22, on the right when traveling east. Marker is located along the South Battlefield Trail, at Auto Tour Stop No. 7 of the Parker's Crossroads Battlefield Auto Tour. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wildersville TN 38388, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Lull in the Fighting (within shouting distance of this marker); A Concealed Assault (within shouting Freeman's Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); Casualties of War (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Federal Forces (about 500 feet away); Cyrus Livingston Dunham (about 500 feet away); Desperate Fighting (about 600 feet away); Surprise and Chaos (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Parkers Crossroads.
Also see . . . Parker's Crossroads Battlefield Association. (Submitted on May 29, 2021.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 24, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 28, 2021, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 102 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on May 28, 2021, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. 2. submitted on July 24, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. 3. submitted on May 28, 2021, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.