“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Commerce in Tunica County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)

Abbay & Leatherman

Abbay & Leatherman Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, May 23, 2021
1. Abbay & Leatherman Marker
Inscription.  Abbay & Leatherman, one of the oldest and largest cotton plantations in the Delta, is known to music enthusiasts worldwide as the boyhood home of blues icon Robert Johnson (c. 1912-1938). Johnson lived here with his family in a tenant shack by the levee during the 1920s. The powerful and impassioned recordings he made in 1936-37 are often cited as the foundation of rock ‘n’ roll, and the facts, fantasies, and mysteries of his life and death are a continuing source of intrigue.

Robert Johnson would become known as the “King of the Delta Blues,” heralded not only as a dramatic and emotional vocalist but also as an innovative and influential master of the guitar and a blues poet who could chill listeners with the dark depths of his lyrical vision. But he was recalled only as a good harmonica player who had limited skills as a guitarist during his adolescent years here on the Abbay & Leatherman plantation. Johnson left the Delta around 1930, but when he reappeared about two years later he possessed such formidable guitar technique that Robinsonville blues luminary Son House later remarked that Johnson must have “sold his soul to the

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devil.” The 1986 Hollywood movie Crossroads was based on the legend of Johnson’s alleged deal with the devil, as were several subsequent documentaries and books.

Johnson was born in Hazlehurst, Mississippi, the illegitimate son of Julia Dodds and Noah Johnson. May 8, 1911, is often cited as his birthdate, although some sources, including a census listing and his death certificate, point to 1912. His mother once sent him to Memphis to live with his father, Charles Dodds (aka Charles Spencer) but took him back after she married Willie “Dusty” Willis at Abbay & Leatherman in 1916. Johnson, then known as Robert Spencer, reportedly lived here for a decade or more beginning in about 1918. Records from the nearby Indian Creek School verify his enrollment there. However, the 1920 census shows Will and Julia Willis and Robert Spencer in Lucas, Arkansas, in the same county where Abbay & Leatherman owner Samuel Richard Leatherman once acquired additional cotton-farming property.

Johnson married Virginia Travis in Tunica County in 1929, but his 16-year-old wife died in childbirth on April 10, 1930. Back in Hazlehurst, Johnson found himself a new wife, Callie Craft, as well as a musical mentor, guitarist Ike Zinnerman. He soon left married life behind to pursue a career as an itinerant musician, now able to play alongside the best bluesmen in the Delta, including Son House and

Abbay & Leatherman Marker (reverse) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, May 23, 2021
2. Abbay & Leatherman Marker (reverse)
Willie Brown, and to entertain crowds wherever he went with a reputation for being able to play any song after hearing it just once. He began recording in 1936, and though his recordings proved highly influential in the course of blues and rock ‘n’ roll history, few of them sold well during his lifetime. His death near Greenwood on August 16, 1938, has often been attributed to poisoning, although the case remains a mystery. Johnson was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in its first year, 1980, and into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame also in its initial year, 1986.
Erected 2009 by the Mississippi Blues Commission. (Marker Number 75.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansArts, Letters, MusicEntertainment. In addition, it is included in the Mississippi Blues Trail series list. A significant historical date for this entry is April 10, 1930.
Location. 34° 49.036′ N, 90° 22.059′ W. Marker is in Commerce, Mississippi, in Tunica County. Marker is on Casino Strip Resort Boulevard, 2.3 miles west of Fitzgeralds Boulevard, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3825 Casino Strip Resort Blvd, Robinsonville MS 38664, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Hollywood Cafe
Closeup of photos & captions on reverse. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, May 23, 2021
3. Closeup of photos & captions on reverse.
(approx. 3 miles away); Hollywood Mounds (approx. 3.1 miles away); Son House (approx. 4.6 miles away); Johnson Cemetery Mound (approx. 5.3 miles away); Highway 61 Blues (approx. 5.6 miles away); Harold "Hardface" Clanton (approx. 9 miles away); Town of Tunica Veterans Memorial (approx. 9.1 miles away); Evansville Mounds (approx. 12.3 miles away).
More about this marker. Robinsonville is an unincorporated community. Tunica Resorts is a census-designated place (CDP).
Former Abbay & Leatherman building. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, May 23, 2021
4. Former Abbay & Leatherman building.
The view east towards Old US Highway 61. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, May 23, 2021
5. The view east towards Old US Highway 61.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 28, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 28, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 232 times since then and 92 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 28, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Dec. 7, 2023