“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Parkers Crossroads in Henderson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Dunham's Artillery is Forced to Withdraw

Dunham's Artillery is Forced to Withdraw Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Shane Oliver, April 11, 2021
1. Dunham's Artillery is Forced to Withdraw Marker
A Bad Start
The campaign against General Nathan Bedford Forrest began badly for the 7th Wisconsin Light Artillery. General Jeremiah Sullivan ordered the battery to Jackson, but directed them to leave extra ammunition and horses, caissons, and camp equipage behind. When they reached the city, the six-gun battery was divided. Three guns went with Colonel Cyrus Dunham's brigade and three with Colonel John W. Fuller's brigade. Before the battery left Jackson, they learned that the Confederates had captured everything abandoned earlier. They were beginning the campaign short of the things they needed most—ammunition and horses.

One Gun Disabled
Early in the battle, Dunham pushed a few companies of infantry and the artillery northwest to meet Forrest at Hicks field. The 7th Wisconsin fared badly in the initial engagement. Confederate Lieutenant Nat Baxter later recalled "dismounting one of the Federal guns." Soon afterward, Dunham's line retreated and reformed on the Lexington-Huntingdon road. The 7th Wisconsin's remaining guns continued to fire on the Confederates from the new position.

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Ammunition Exhausted

With one gun out of action, Dunham shifted his line north and faced Forrest's troops on what is now Wildersville Road. Unknown to Dunham, the 7th Wisconsin Light Artillery had only twenty rounds of ammunition left. Forrest again unleashed his artillery and the Confederate guns cut the Federals to pieces.

"Our horses one by one, dropped. Sergeant Alford Walwork fell dead at his post, after having been wounded. Louis Kohnkie was knocked off his horse with a shot through the shoulder," recalled surgeon H.L. Halstead. Before it was over, he added eight more names to the list of killed and wounded. Their ammunition gone, the battered 7th Wisconsin pulled their guns from the field.

Lieut. Arthur Wheelock, U.S. Wheelock commanded the 7th Wisconsin Light Artillery, also known as the Badger State Flying Artillery. The inexperienced battery suffered heavy losses at the Battle of Parkers Crossroads.
Union artillery going into action, 1890.
Erected 2015 by Parker's Crossroads Battlefield Association.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is December 31, 1862.
Location. 35° 47.53′ N, 88° 23.346′ W. Marker is in Parkers Crossroads, Tennessee, in Henderson County. Marker
Dunham's Artillery is Forced to Withdraw Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, July 24, 2021
2. Dunham's Artillery is Forced to Withdraw Marker
can be reached from Wildersville Road, 0.2 miles Route 22, on the right when traveling east. Marker is located along the North Battlefield Trail Extension, south of Wildersville Road. The North Battlefield Trail begins at the Parker's Crossroads City Park: Auto Tour Stop No. 1 of the Parker's Crossroads Battlefield Auto Tour. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wildersville TN 38388, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Panicked Stampede (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Forrest's Artillery Leads the Attack (about 400 feet away); Dunham Takes the Offensive (about 400 feet away); Civil War Artillery (about 500 feet away); Prelude to Battle/December 31, 1862—the Battle/Union and Confederate Forces (about 500 feet away); Manning the Guns (about 600 feet away); The Battle of Parker's Crossroads (about 700 feet away); Napier's Assault on the 39th Iowa (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Parkers Crossroads.
Also see . . .  Parker's Crossroads Battlefield Association. (Submitted on June 4, 2021.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 24, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 29, 2021, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 115 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on May 29, 2021, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia.   2. submitted on July 24, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 8, 2023