“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Battery I, Fifth U.S. Artillery

Artillery Brigade, Fifth Corps


— Army of the Potomac —

Battery I, Fifth U.S. Artillery Tablet image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, February 21, 2009
1. Battery I, Fifth U.S. Artillery Tablet
Above the tablet is a disk with the seal of the U.S. Army. At the top of the tablet is the Maltese Cross symbol of Fifth Corps.
Army of the Potomac
Fifth Corps
Artillery Brigade
Battery I Fifth U.S. Artillery

Four 3 inch Rifles
Lieut. Malbone F. Watson commanding

July 2 About 4.30 p.m. arrived and took position north of Little Round Top. 5.30 moved to the front at the Peach Orchard. On the advance of the Confederates driving back the Infantry the Battery was retired across Plum Run near the Trostle House and fired shell and canister at the approaching Confederates until the Battery disabled by the loss of men and horses was captured by the 21st Mississippi Infantry. It was almost immediately recaptured with the assistance of the 30th New York Infantry and being unserviceable was taken to the Artillery Brigade.

Casualties. Killed 1 man. Wounded 1 officer and 18 men. Missing 2 men.
Erected 1907 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 2, 1863.
Location. 39° 48.171′ N, 77° 14.276′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on United States Avenue, on the left when traveling east. Located north of the George Weikert Farm between Plum
Battery I Tablet and 39th New York Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, February 21, 2009
2. Battery I Tablet and 39th New York Marker
The tablet and marker stand on a rise overlooking Plum Run. Blocks and posts indicate in the past two artillery pieces represented the battery at this location. The actual position of the battery may have been further to the south, on the other side of United States Avenue.
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this page online
Run and Cemetery Ridge in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 39th New York Infantry (here, next to this marker); A Costly Day (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Dow's 6th Maine Battery (approx. 0.2 miles away); Battery G, 1st New York Light Artillery (approx. 0.2 miles away); 2nd Connecticut Light Battery (approx. 0.2 miles away); First Volunteer Brigade (approx. 0.2 miles away); Reverend Father William Corby, C.S.C. (approx. 0.2 miles away); 2nd Battery New Jersey Light Artillery (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Additional commentary.
1. Report of Capt. Augustus P. Martin
Captain Martin, commanding the Artillery Brigade of Fifth Corps, commented on the actions of Battery I in his official report:
Battery I, Fifth U.S. Artillery, was placed in position by some unknown officer of the Third Corps. Second Lieutenant MacConnell, upon whom the command of the battery devolved when Lieutenant Watson was wounded, says:

The battery was without support of any kind. The enemy appeared shortly--say twenty minutes--after taking position, nearly in front, at a distance of about 350 yards, and the battery immediately opened on them with shell. As they approached nearer, the battery poured in canister, some twenty rounds, until men and horses were shot down or disabled to such an extent that the battery
Trostle Farm image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, February 21, 2009
3. Trostle Farm
Looking from the tablet location to the west at the Trostle Farm. Although the battery was likely placed further south, the view was similar. In the early evening of July 2, the gunners of Battery I could see Bigelow's battery overwhelmed by the 21st Mississippi. And then see the continued advance of those Confederates. Lieut. Watson was wounded and replaced by Lieut. Charles MacConnell. The gunners delayed the Mississippians long enough to buy time for the Federals to counterattack.
was abandoned.

Official Records, Series I, Volume XXVII/1 (S#43), Report No. 221, page 661.
    — Submitted March 29, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 29, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 886 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 29, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

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Jan. 27, 2023