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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Detroit in Wayne County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Paradise Valley

 
 
Paradise Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By J.T. Lambrou, May 3, 2021
1. Paradise Valley Marker
Side 1
Inscription.  As Detroit’s manufacturing base boomed during two world wars (1917-18 and 1941-45), large numbers of African Americans moved here to work in the factories. Detroit’s African American population increased from 5,000 in 1910 to 300,000 by 1950. Throughout this period segregationist policies restricted where blacks could live, own businesses, and spend their free time. During the 1930s a commercial center emerged in the area roughly bounded by Adams, Brush, Alexandrine, and Hastings(replaced by I-75). Known as “Paradise Valley,” it had black-owned medical offices and retail shops as well as swank restaurants and hotels. Some nightclubs, called “black and tans,” were frequented by blacks and whites alike. African Americans owned and operated all of the businesses in the valley.

Formerly the intersection of Adams Avenue and St. Antoine Street, this site was once part of Paradise Valley, Detroit’s African American business and entertainment district. From the 1930s into the 1950s Paradise Valley bustled around the clock. Nightspots like 606 Horseshoe Lounge, Club Plantation, and Club 666 featured entertainers such as Duke Ellington, Dinah Washington,

Paradise Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By J.T. Lambrou, May 3, 2021
2. Paradise Valley Marker
Side 2
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the Ink Spots, and Sarah Vaughan. Blacks who performed elsewhere in Michigan were excluded from white hotels and stayed in the valley. Beginning in the 1940s, urban renewal projects, the construction of freeways, and new development devastated African American neighborhoods, including Paradise Valley. The valley’s last three structures, located along St. Antoine Street, were demolished in 2001.
 
Erected 2003 by Michigan Historical Commission - Michigan Historical Center. (Marker Number S0680.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansEntertainment. In addition, it is included in the Michigan Historical Commission series list.
 
Location. 42° 20.387′ N, 83° 2.616′ W. Marker is in Detroit, Michigan, in Wayne County. Marker is on St Antoine 0.1 miles north of Beacon Street, on the right when traveling north. Marker is just south of the Ford Field Parking Deck. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1902 St Antoine, Detroit MI 48226, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Music Hall (approx. 0.2 miles away); Tyrus Raymond Cobb 1886-1961 (approx. ¼ mile away); Germantown / The Harmonie Club (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Harmonie Club (approx. 0.3 miles away);
Paradise Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By J.T. Lambrou, May 3, 2021
3. Paradise Valley Marker
Marker location across from club and suite entrance of Ford Field, home of the Detroit Lions.
St. Mary's School (approx. 0.3 miles away); Mies van der Rohe Townhouses (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Mary's Rectory (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Mary's Church (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Detroit.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 4, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 3, 2021, by J.T. Lambrou of New Boston, Michigan. This page has been viewed 92 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 3, 2021, by J.T. Lambrou of New Boston, Michigan. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 12, 2021