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Joy in Livingston County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

They Passed This Way

Berry's Ferry and the Trail of Tears

 
 
They Passed This Way Marker image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, May 7, 2021
1. They Passed This Way Marker
Inscription.  

Home to thousands of men, women, and children, the Cherokee Nation once spread across Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. The 1830 Indian Removal Act required that the Cherokee surrender their land and move west.

In 1838, more than 15,000 Cherokee began their trek west from their traditional eastern homeland to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) over the "Trail of Tears." They traveled by existing roads and rivers. Many groups left in the fall, hoping to avoid the disease and heat of summer travel, and instead faced treacherous winter weather. More than 1,000 died during the journey westward, and more than 4,000 died as a result of their forced migration.

"...we have Suffered a great deal..The roads are in very bad Order as the ground was frozen very deep...We have been lying by about two weeks...The[river] has been full of large quantities of floating Ice...we must calculate on suffering a good deal from hardships & exposure before we yet reach our homes in the far West.
- Recollection of a survivor of the Trail of Tears

Federal Indian Removal Policy
Federal Indian
They Passed This Way Marker image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, May 7, 2021
2. They Passed This Way Marker
The "Imagine the Scene" marker is located behind this marker.
Click or scan to see
this page online
removal policy aroused fierce and bitter debate. Supporters of the policy claimed it was a benevolent action to save the tribes east of the Mississippi River from being overwhelmed and lost in the onslaught of an expanding American population. Opponents decried its inhumanity and the tragic consequences it had for the Indian peoples. One thing was certain; removal freed millions of acres of desired Indian lands for use by white settlers.

Despite the hardships of the journey, members of the five removed tribes established new lives in the West.

(map caption):
In the 1830s, the federal government forcibly removed approximately 16,000 Cherokee, 21,000 Muscogee (Creek), 9,000 Choctaw, 6,000 Chickasaw, and 4,000 Seminole from their ancestral homes in the southeastern United States.

Today
Cherokee who survived the Trail of Tears created a new sovereign nation in present-day Oklahoma. Some Cherokee remained in North Carolina and, due to a special exemption, formed the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians.

All five removed tribes stand as successful sovereign nations, proudly preserving cultural traditions, while adapting to the challenges of the 21st century.

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail
By helping to preserve historic sites and trail segments, and developing areas for public use, the story
Berry's Ferry Boat Launch image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, May 7, 2021
3. Berry's Ferry Boat Launch
Across the Ohio River is the town of Golconda, Illinois.
of the forced removal of the Cherokee people and other American Indian tribes is remembered and told by the National Park Service and its partners.

You can visit more sites along the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail.
Learn more at www.nps.gov/trte
 
Erected by Trail of Tears National Historic Trail - National Park Service - Trail of Tears Association.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans. In addition, it is included in the Trail of Tears series list.
 
Location. 37° 22.398′ N, 88° 27.977′ W. Marker is in Joy, Kentucky, in Livingston County. Marker is on Kentucky Route 133, on the right when traveling west. The marker is located at the Berry's Ferry boat launch on the Ohio River. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton KY 42047, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Imagine the Scene (here, next to this marker); Golconda (approx. one mile away in Illinois); Lewis and Clark in Illinois (approx. 1.1 miles away in Illinois); Sarah Lusk (approx. 1.1 miles away in Illinois); John Thomas Davidson Cabin (approx. 1.2 miles away in Illinois); Alexander Hall Buel House (approx.
Berry's Ferry Entrance Sign image. Click for full size.
By Shane Oliver, May 7, 2021
4. Berry's Ferry Entrance Sign
A unit of the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail.
1.2 miles away in Illinois); The Original Route (approx. 2 miles away); A Winter Camp (approx. 2.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Joy.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 6, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 4, 2021, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 41 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 4, 2021, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 20, 2021