Near York in York County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Elias Hill Homeplace / Liberian Migration
Elias Hill Hompelace
Elias Hill (1819-1872) was born enslaved at Hill's Ironworks on Allison Creek. He and his parents were emancipated prior to 1860. Although physically paralyzed at an early age, Elias was well educated and became a Baptist minister, a school teacher, and a Union League leader. In 1869 he purchased 40 acres from J.M. Ross on Allison Creek 1/4 mi. E of here.
During Reconstruction (1865-1877), the Ku Klux Klan persecuted Rev. Hill and other freedmen in York County. In 1871, 166 free blacks from Clay Hill emigrated to Liberia, West Africa, led by Elias Hill, Solomon Hill, June Moore, and Madison, Harriet, and George Simril. Arriving in Liberia in December, they began new lives at Arthington as planters and political leaders.
Erected 2017 by South Carolina Department of Archives and History; sponsored by Culture & Heritage Museums and Allison Creek Presbyterian Church. (Marker Number 46-65.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans Churches & Religion • Education • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1860.
Location. 35° 2.344′ N, 81° 6.11′ W. Marker is near York, South Carolina, in York County. Marker is on Allison Creek Road (County Road 1081) 0.2 miles east of Hands Mill Highway (State Highway 274), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2348 Hands Mill Hwy, York SC 29745, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Allison Creek Presbyterian Church / Clay Hill Graveyard (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); William Hill (1741-1816) / Hill's Ironworks (approx. 0.6 miles away); Birthplace of Daniel Harvey Hill (approx. 0.6 miles away); Colonel Samuel Watson (approx. 3.3 miles away); Battle Bigger's Ferry 1780 (approx. 3.7 miles away); Ebenezer Confederate Memorial (approx. 5.8 miles away); Town of Ebenezer (approx. 5.8 miles away); The CCC in York County / Tom Johnston Camp, (SCS#10), CCC (approx. 6.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in York.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 1, 2023. It was originally submitted on June 22, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 354 times since then and 135 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 22, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.