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Cleburne in Johnson County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

The Texas World War II Home Front

 
 
The Texas World War II Home Front Marker image. Click for full size.
By James Hulse, July 16, 2021
1. The Texas World War II Home Front Marker
Inscription.  

World War II brought a shared sense of patriotism and purpose to the Texas home front as civilians benefited from new or expanded war industry jobs, such as petroleum, lumber, bomber manufacturing and farming. However, the large number of Texans seeking employment in larger cities or joining the military created an extreme labor shortage in many smaller communities across the state, groups worked to alleviate the labor crisis. Johnson County succeeded in June 1944 with the establishment of Camp Cleburne for German Prisoners of War (POWs) here, with the First State Bank of Rio Vista guarantying funds to the U.S. Government for POW wages. By war's end, Camp Cleburne - one of nearly 70 camps across the state housing more than 50,000 POWs - provided 120 Johnson County farms with necessary agricultural labor during the war.

Prior to the war, National Guard units trained across Texas preparing for America's eventual entry into the war. One such unit, Battery B, 132nd Field Artillery, 36th Infantry Division (I.D.) trained in Johnson County. In 1942, the 36th I.D. mobilized for overseas deployment and the patriotic Texas spirit shone
The Texas World War II Home Front Marker image. Click for full size.
By James Hulse, July 16, 2021
2. The Texas World War II Home Front Marker
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brightly as the unit rolled through Cleburne in Feb. 1942 to the cheers of hundreds of Johnson County residents. By 1945, nearly 1.2 million troops trained at army posts, airfields and naval bases in Texas.

Texans looked to volunteer civically while enduring shortages and inconveniences necessary to support the war effort. The Johnson County draft board and rationing board were housed in the County Courthouse. In addition, local residents participated in civilian oriented programs such as blackout and air raid drills, civil air patrol, victory gardens, scrap drives, volunteering at USOs and working war bond drives. Texans responded in great numbers to their nation's call and served both overseas and stateside in WWII. The resulting military buildup served as the catalyst toward the modernization and urbanization of Texas.
Texas in World War II - 2010
 
Erected 2010 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 15646.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, World II. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1944.
 
Location. 32° 20.348′ N, 97° 24.552′ W. Marker is in Cleburne, Texas, in Johnson County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of West Henderson Street (Business U.S. 67) and South Ridgeway Drive. The marker is located
The view of the Texas World War II Home Front Marker from the driveway between the buildings image. Click for full size.
By James Hulse, July 16, 2021
3. The view of the Texas World War II Home Front Marker from the driveway between the buildings
on the south side of the Cleburne Conference Center near the parking lot. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1501 West Henderson Street, Cleburne TX 76033, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Yellow Jacket Stadium (approx. half a mile away); First United Methodist Church, Cleburne (approx. half a mile away); Field Street Baptist Church (approx. 0.9 miles away); Southwest Metroplex Baptist Association (approx. one mile away); Site of the Old City Spring (approx. 1.3 miles away); City Wagon Yards (approx. 1.3 miles away); Ensign Howard D. Crow (approx. 1.4 miles away); Desert Storm Memorial (approx. 1.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cleburne.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 20, 2021. It was originally submitted on July 20, 2021, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas. This page has been viewed 56 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 20, 2021, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas.

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Dec. 1, 2021