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Glanhayes in Wayne County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

Polley Freedom Case / William Ratliff (Ratcliff)

 
 
Polley Freedom Case side of marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 23, 2021
1. Polley Freedom Case side of marker
Inscription.  
Polley Freedom Case. In 1850, eight freed slaves of the Polley family were kidnapped from Ohio and sold back into slavery. William Ratliff of Wayne County bought four of the children. A suit for freedom brought on their behalf was not settled in their lifetimes. The Polley case concluded in 2012 when a judge ruled that the 1850 sale was illegal and decreed that the children were free as of 1859.

William Ratliff (Ratcliff). Born May 1802, he was a prominent landowner and political figure in Wayne County, serving as a county magistrate for thirty years. Though a slave owner, he supported the Union, and in 1861 he served as a delegate to the Second Wheeling Convention and as a member of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia. He died in Wayne County in February 1885.
 
Erected 2017 by West Virginia Archives & History.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: African Americans. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Archives and History series list. A significant historical month for this entry is February 1885.
 
Location.
Polley Freedom Case / William Ratliff (Ratcliff) Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 23, 2021
2. Polley Freedom Case / William Ratliff (Ratcliff) Marker
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38° 0.036′ N, 82° 30.07′ W. Marker is in Glanhayes, West Virginia, in Wayne County. Marker is on U.S. 52, on the left when traveling south. It is at Tolsia High School. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Genoa WV 25517, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Revolutionary War Soldier’s Grave (approx. 5.6 miles away); a different marker also named Revolutionary War Soldier’s Grave (approx. 8˝ miles away); Pioneer Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky (approx. 8.7 miles away in Kentucky); a different marker also named Revolutionary War Soldier’s Grave (approx. 9.4 miles away); Fort Gay Toll Bridge (approx. 9˝ miles away); The Fort Gay Lock and Dam (approx. 9˝ miles away); Pioneer Ward / Educator Ward (approx. 9˝ miles away in Kentucky); County Named, 1870 / Henry L. Clay, D.D. (approx. 9˝ miles away in Kentucky).
 
Also see . . .
1. Free at Last. 2012 article by Michelle Goodman in the Ironton Tribune. Excerpt:
In a unique court case Friday, Wayne County Circuit Court Judge Darrell Pratt ruled on a case that had been pending in the county since 1856, essentially redefining the family history of James Hale and his relatives, as it should have been done more than 160 years ago.

Hale, a Huntington, W.Va. resident, filed a motion recently to get an official and final ruling on the freedom status of his great-great-grandfather Harrison
Polley Freedom Case / William Ratliff (Ratcliff) Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 23, 2021
3. Polley Freedom Case / William Ratliff (Ratcliff) Marker
Polley, and two of Polley’s sisters, Anna and Louisa.
(Submitted on July 30, 2021.) 

2. The Long Road to Freedom: The Story of the Enslaved Polley Children. 2014 book by James L. Hale on Amazon.com. (Submitted on July 30, 2021.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 30, 2021. It was originally submitted on July 30, 2021, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 59 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 30, 2021, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.

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Dec. 1, 2021