Mims in Brevard County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
Rosewood Massacre - 1921
Harry T. & Harriette V. Moore Memorial Park
On January 1, 1923 a massacre was carried out in a small, predominantly Black town of Rosewood in Central Florida. The massacre was instigated by the rumor that a white woman, Fanny Taylor, had been sexually assaulted by a black man in her home in a nearby community. A group of White men, believing this rapist to be a recently escaped convict named Jesse Hunter who was hiding in Rosewood, assembled to capture this man. Prior this event a series of incidents had stirred racial tensions within Rosewood. During the previous winter of 1922, a white school teacher from Perry had been murdered and on New Year’s Eve of 1922 there was a Ku Klux Klan rally held in Gainesville, located not far away from Rosewood.
On January 4, 1923 a group of 20 to 30 White men approached the Carrier home and shot the family dog. When Sylvester’s mother Sarah came to the porch to confront the mob they shot and killed her. Sylvester defended his home, killing two men and wounding four in the ensuing battle before he was killed. The remaining survivors fled to the swamps for refuge where many of the African American residents of Rosewood had already retreated,
The initial report of the Rosewood incident presented less than a month after the massacre claimed there was insufficient evidence for prosecution. Thus no one was charged with any of the Rosewood murders. In 1994, however, as the result of new evidence and renewed interest in the event, the Florida Legislature passed the Rosewood Bill which entitled the nine survivors to $150,000 dollars each in compensation.
Erected by Harry T. & Harriette V. Moore Memorial Park.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Civil Rights. A significant historical date for this entry is January 1, 1923.
Location. 28° 39.226′ N, 80° 50.759′ W. Marker is in Mims, Florida, in Brevard County. Marker can be reached from Freedom Avenue, 0.3 miles south of Parker Street, on the right when traveling south. The marker stands within the Harry T. & Harriette V. Moore Memorial Park and Museum. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2180 Freedom Avenue,, Mims FL 32754, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Eatonville (a few steps from this marker); Violence In Hemming Plaza (a few steps from this marker); Emmet Till (within shouting distance of this marker); Dr. Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (within shouting distance of this marker); Virgil D. Hawkins – April 1949 (within shouting distance of this marker); Little Rock Nine (within shouting distance of this marker); Juneteenth (within shouting distance of this marker); 99th Fighter Squadron (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mims.
Additional keywords. Acts of Terrorism
Credits. This page was last revised on August 16, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 11, 2021, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 218 times since then and 139 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 11, 2021, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.