Near Vermillion in Union County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Homestead Rest Area
What may have been the number one entry in the entire United States under the Homestead Act was filed near here. Just minutes after midnight on Jan. 1, 1863, when the Homestead Act went into effect, Vermillion printer Mahlon Core filed his claim for 159 1/2 acres on a site about seven miles due east of here, some three and one-half miles north of present-day S.D. Highway 50. Although he gained a measure of fame for filing first, he never proved up his claim and it lapsed. Most of the early settlement in South Dakota occurred in this southeast corner of the state. Sioux Falls, the state's largest city, 50 miles north, was settled in 1857. To the west, Vermillion was established in 1859, Yankton in 1858.
Highway 50, which runs east-west past this rest area, forms a corridor in time to Territorial days of South Dakota. Union County, Clay County, and
The city of Yankton, 33 miles west along the Missouri River, was a major steamboat port in Dakota Territory. That status helped make it the capital city of Dakota from 1861-1883. Yankton has often been called the "Mother City of the Dakotas" and it retains much of the luster of those days.
Education was a key interest with early legislators. Vermillion , eight miles west of here on Highway 50, exhibits that in the University of South Dakota. Vermillion was designated at the site for the territorial university in 1862, although the institution (then called University of Dakota) did not begin classes until 1882, with 35 students. When South Dakota entered the union in 1889, Vermillion found itself the proud home of the University of South Dakota.
Erected 1977. (Marker Number 483.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Settlements & SettlersSouth Dakota State Historical Society Markers series list. A significant historical date for this entry is January 1, 1863.
Location. 42° 47.085′ N, 96° 47.256′ W. Marker is near Vermillion, South Dakota, in Union County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Interstate 29 at milepost 26 and State Route 50. This marker is located at the Homestead Rest Area near a giant concrete teepee. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Vermillion SD 57069, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Great Missouri River (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); First Rural Electric Cooperative (approx. 2 miles away); Bruyer Church (approx. 3.2 miles away); St. Mary's Catholic Church (approx. 4.6 miles away); Giants in the Earth Country (approx. 5.1 miles away); St. Paul Lutheran Church (approx. 5.3 miles away); Fort Brule (approx. 6 miles away); Buhrstone (approx. 6.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vermillion.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 21, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 23, 2016, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 400 times since then and 29 times this year. Last updated on August 20, 2021. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 23, 2016, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.