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Red Boiling Springs in Macon County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Big Barren Buffalo Road

The Tahlonteeskee Trail

— The Cumberland Trace —

 
 
The Big Barren Buffalo Road Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, August 21, 2021
1. The Big Barren Buffalo Road Marker
Inscription.  
The Buffalo Road, which is a branch of the Great Buffalo Road, enters Macon County at the extreme southeast corner and travels northward following Wartrace Road (State Route 56) to the Willette Road (State Route 262). This section was called the War Trace Branch. The war trace was so named from its use by warring Native American parties as they navigated this path to launch attacks. It then traveled to the Gibbs Cross Roads and Milltown area following State Route 56 thru Red Boiling Springs and meandering with Salt Lick Creek exiting the Northern border of Macon county into Kentucky. This section was called the Big Barren Buffalo Road. The entire Buffalo Road was later referred to as the Tahlonteeskee Trail so named for Cherokee Chief Tahlonteeskee who was the principal chief of the Southwest Cherokee Indian Nation from 1809-1819. Early White settlers named this the Cumberland Trace which is a nationally designated Indian trail.

The nutrients of the salt licks, which gave Salt Lick Creek its name, attracted the buffalo to this area. The Native Americans followed the animal trails which were sometimes a foot deep worn down by
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the buffalo hoof. When this area was settled by White settlers in the late 1700's, the entrance into this uncharted territory was via these animal and Indian trails. Daniel Boone used this same route as he explored this region making his way into Kentucky in 1775. He left his initials on at least three trees in what was to become Macon County.

The Great Buffalo Road ran through the uppermost Northeast corner of Macon county.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AnimalsNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1775.
 
Location. 36° 31.86′ N, 85° 50.933′ W. Marker is in Red Boiling Springs, Tennessee, in Macon County. Marker is on East Main Street (Tennessee Route 151) 0.1 miles south of Zina Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 224 High St, Red Boiling Springs TN 37150, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Cumberland Trace (here, next to this marker); 'Little Red Well' (a few steps from this marker); Gaines Boarding House (within shouting distance of this marker); J.B. Brusher Handle Factory (within shouting distance of this marker); Bush's Planeing Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Bush's Ax Handle Mill
The Big Barren Buffalo Road Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, August 21, 2021
2. The Big Barren Buffalo Road Marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); Armour's Hotel Bed and Breakfast (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Moss Bowling Alley (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Red Boiling Springs.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 25, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 22, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. This page has been viewed 259 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 22, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 20, 2024