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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Sitka in Sitka Borough, Alaska — Northwest (North America)
 

Noow Tlein

 
 
Noow Tlein Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, September 1, 2021
1. Noow Tlein Marker
Inscription.  Tlingit people established ties to this place long ago and those ties, though altered, remain.

The Land and the Tlingit
The ocean and the forest met the Tlingit peoples' needs as they moved from summer fish camps to autumn hunting grounds and winter settlements. Their winter settlements typically consisted of wooden strong-houses in which large family groups lived. Some of these strong-houses likely stood on this hill when it was a small island at high tide called Noow Tlein.

Winds of Change
The Tlingit were savvy merchants and recognized the European and American ships beginning to sail Alaska's waters as new sources of trade and profit. They exchanged seal and sea otter pelts for textiles, beads, guns, and other goods. The abundance of valuable sea otter pelts soon drew Russian fur traders, who claimed Alaska for Russia, to Sitka Sound. The Tlingit resisted.

Tumult and Toil
In 1802, a group of Tlingit stormed the Russian fort near Sitka and burned it to the ground. Two years later, the Russians returned. After a brief battle, the Tlingit left Sitka and the Russian fur traders-established
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Novoarkhangel'sk, which became the capital of Russian America. The Tlingit eventually returned and became essential to the settlement's success.

A New Era
As overhunting depleted the sea otter population, the Russian-American colony became too expensive to maintain. In 1867, Russia sold Alaska to the United States-but was Alaska theirs to sell? The original inhabitants of the land were plunged into a new era with the stroke of a pen.

Captions
(Left) Background: View of three clan houses on Noow Tlein, 1793. Watercolor by Sigismund Bacstrom, View of an Indian Village in Norfolk Sound, Sitka Pictures Collection, Alaska Office of History and Archaeology
(Righ) An artist's rendition of the 1802 attack on Redoubt Saint Michael.
 
Erected by Alaska Department of Natural Resources • Alaska Department of Parks and Outdoor Recreation.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ExplorationIndustry & CommerceNative Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1802.
 
Location. 57° 2.923′ N, 135° 20.296′ W. Marker is in Sitka, Alaska, in Sitka Borough. Marker is atop Castle Hill in Baranof Castle State Historic Site. It can be reached via a stairway from Lincoln Street or an accessible
Noow Tlein Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, September 1, 2021
2. Noow Tlein Marker
but steep paved path from Harbor Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Sitka AK 99835, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. American Flag Raising Site (here, next to this marker); History of Castle Hill (-1804) (here, next to this marker); Men of the Hill (a few steps from this marker); American Sitka (a few steps from this marker); Ladies of the Hill (a few steps from this marker); In This Place (a few steps from this marker); History of Castle Hill (1804-1867) (a few steps from this marker); Alaska Purchase (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sitka.
 
Regarding Noow Tlein. The Tlingit people hold a ceremony at Noow Tlein to mourn the loss of their homeland every October 18, the anniversary of Alaska's transfer from Russian to American control.
 
Marker background (original): <i>View of an Indian Village in Norfolk Sound</i> image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Sigismund Bacstrom, 1793
3. Marker background (original): View of an Indian Village in Norfolk Sound
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 8, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 8, 2021, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 185 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 8, 2021, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee.

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Apr. 24, 2024