“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Holly Springs in Marshall County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)

Control Of The River

Stop 1 Van Dorn Raid:

Control Of The River Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, October 15, 2021
1. Control Of The River Marker
Inscription.  On October 14, 1862, Confederate Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton became commander of the Department of the Mississippi and East Louisiana, and two days later Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant assumed command of the Department of the Tennessee. Union forces had already seized control of the Mississippi River south from Cairo, Illinois, to the Confederate fortifications at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and north from the Gulf of Mexico to the Confederate fortress at Port Hudson, Louisiana, just above Baton Rouge. Only a 250-mile stretch of water between Vicksburg and Port Hudson prevented total Union control of the Mississippi River. Therefore, Grant set his sights on Vicksburg.

In early November Grant decided to outflank Vicksburg by moving his army down the Mississippi Central Railroad toward the state capital at Jackson. He established his headquarters in Holly Springs on November 29. By December 4, Grant was 30 miles south in Oxford, while his forward supply depot remained at Holly Springs. Grant and Major General William T. Sherman met in Oxford on December 8, and, in a change of plans, initiated a two-pronged approach to capture
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Vicksburg. Sherman went back to Memphis to conduct a waterborne thrust down the Mississippi River, while Grant continued to march south down the railroad to keep Pemberton's Confederates in place. Pemberton, meanwhile, dug in along the Yalobusha River just north of Grenada to oppose Grant's advance down the railroad.

Donated to the people of the United States by Mr. James W. Davis of Flushing, New York.

Area of Operations
Downtown Holly Springs
Erected 2005 by Blue & Gray Education Society, Holly Springs Tourism & Recreation Bureau. (Marker Number 1.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is October 14, 1862.
Location. 34° 46.065′ N, 89° 26.898′ W. Marker is in Holly Springs, Mississippi, in Marshall County. Marker is at the intersection of South Memphis Street and East Van Dorn Avenue, on the left when traveling south on South Memphis Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 128 E Van Dorn Ave, Holly Springs MS 38635, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Holly Springs (here, next to this marker); The Van Dorn Raid (here, next to this marker); Mississippi Central R.R. Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker); Osborne Bell (within shouting distance
Control Of The River Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, October 15, 2021
2. Control Of The River Marker
of this marker); Ida B. Wells-Barnett (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Hill Country Blues (about 300 feet away); General Order #11 (about 400 feet away); Van Dorn Captures Holly Springs (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Holly Springs.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 16, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 16, 2021, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 205 times since then and 121 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 16, 2021, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.

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Jun. 2, 2023