“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Shiloh in Hardin County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Vision for Victory

— Shiloh National Military Park —

Vision for Victory Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, October 13, 2021
1. Vision for Victory Marker
Inscription.  In the approaching battle every effort should be made to turn the left flank of the enemy so as to cut off his line of retreat to the Tennessee River and throw him back on Owl Creek, where he will be obliged to surrender.
General Albert Sidney Johnston
Army of thc Mississippi

Johnston qualified his instructions (above) with, "Every precaution must also be prevent unnecessary exposure of our men to the enemy's gunboats." He then sent nearly 44,000 Confederates into battle at Shiloh. Johnston envisioned total annihilation of General Ulysses S. Grant's Union Army of the Tennessee before General Don Carlos Buell's approaching Union Army of the Ohio joined Grant at Pittsburg Landing.

When Johnston and his generals deployed for battle, they believed Grant's front faced west, so they positioned Confederate battle formations facing east. From this deployment, they intended to strike and turn the Union left flank—cutting off retreat—before driving Grant's troops north into the Owl Creek swamps. During the first five hours of fighting, half of the southern army attacked east-northeast,
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slamming into and overrunning General Benjamin Prentiss' camps here. Under this massive attack, the greatly outnumbered Union division crumbled and rapidly retreated north. Johnston apparently believed he had successfully turned Grant's left flank, but had actually struck Grant's center and right. Unaware of his error, Johnston continued to over-commit his forces to the western half of the battlefield.

(caption) Inaccurate maps contributed to Johnston's misunderstanding of the pre-battle conditions.
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. (Marker Number Stop 9.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is April 6, 1862.
Location. 35° 7.597′ N, 88° 20.816′ W. Marker is in Shiloh, Tennessee, in Hardin County. Marker is at the intersection of Peabody Road and Reconnoitering Road, on the left when traveling east on Peabody Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Shiloh TN 38376, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Hungry Soldiers and Souvenirs (here, next to this marker); Invasion of the Union Camps (within shouting distance of this marker); 25th Missouri Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Camp of 25th Missouri Infantry
Vision for Victory Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, October 13, 2021
2. Vision for Victory Marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); Colonel Everett Peabody (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 12th Michigan Infantry (about 500 feet away); 21st Missouri Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named 21st Missouri Infantry (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shiloh.
Also see . . .  Shiloh National Military Park. National Park Service (Submitted on October 17, 2021.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 17, 2021, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 101 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 17, 2021, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.

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Mar. 3, 2024