New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
369th Infantry Regiment Memorial
“Harlem Hellfighters” Monument
This monument honors the legendary 369th Infantry Regiment known as the Harlem Hellfighters. The black granite obelisk is a replica of a 1997 memorial that stands in Sechault in Northern France, where the 369th soldiers distinguished themselves in World War I. Unveiled on September 29, 2006, the 88th anniversary of that battle, the obelisk is 12 feet high and features gilded inscriptions, the 369th's crest and its coiled rattlesnake insignia.
During World War I, United States Armed Forces remained segregated by race. In 1913 New York established the 15th New York (Colored) Infantry Regiment, a unit of the National Guard. The U.S. Army mustered the unit into Federal service in 1917, and the 369th (Colored) Infantry Regiment went to France that December, among the first 100,000 troops of the American Expeditionary Force.
Exhibiting extraordinary valor, the 369th, an integral part of the Fourth French Army, fought on the front until the Armistice. During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive the 369th showed exceptional bravery, especially on September 29, 1918, during the liberation of Sechault, when a third of the regiment suffered
Cited for their heroism, 171 members of the regiment were decorated with the Croix de Guerre (Cross of War) and one officer [1st Lt. George Seanor Robb of Kansas] received the Medal of Honor. Upon their return to the United States, the Harlem Hellfighters were honored by the City with a parade up Fifth Avenue. During World War II, the 369th distinguished itself at Okinawa, and later fought in the Korean and Gulf Wars. The unit serves today as a sustainment brigade.
The 369th Historical Society and the 369th Veterans Association were supported by numerous associated organizations in the commission of this monument. The U.S. Army moved the monument from its fabricator in France to an airfield in Germany, and the New York Air National Guard then brought it to New York. With support from the City Council, Parks and Recreation redesigned and landscaped this triangle to feature the monument.
Across the street stands the 369th Armory, one of the last armories erected in New York City. It was built between 1921 and 1933 and combines both medieval and art deco influences. The building is still home to the 369th Sustainment Brigade, as well as historical exhibits, and a recreation center.
Erected 2006 by City of New York, Parks & Recreation.
Topics and series. This historical marker and memorial is listed African Americans • Notable Buildings • War, World I. In addition, it is included in the Art Deco series list. A significant historical month for this entry is September 1862.
Location. Marker has been permanently removed. It was located near 40° 49.022′ N, 73° 56.068′ W. Marker was in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker was at the intersection of 5th Avenue and West 142nd Street on 5th Avenue. The monument and marker are in the triangular island on the southeast side of the intersection, diagonally across from the 369th Armory which is at 2366 Fifth Avenue. Touch for map. Marker was in this post office area: New York NY 10037, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. 369th Infantry Regiment Monument (here, next to this marker); Savoy Ballroom (approx. 0.2 miles away); Alexander Hamilton's House (approx. ¼ mile away); Eugenio María de Hostos (approx. 0.4 miles away); Dr. Godfrey Nurse (approx. 0.4 miles away); His Holiness Pope John Paul II (approx. 0.4 miles away); Bronx Post Office (approx. 0.4 miles away); Harlem YMCA (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
Related marker.another marker that is related to this marker. Another Harlem Hell Fighters marker in Spartanburg, SC.
Also see . . .
1. 369th Infantry Regiment (U.S.). (Submitted on May 16, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Col. William Haywood. (Submitted on May 16, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. Lieutenant Europe and the Hellfighters' Band. (Submitted on May 16, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
4. "The Soldier's Burden" - Sgt. Henry Johnson. (Submitted on May 17, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
5. 1st Lt. George S. Robb. (Submitted on May 17, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
6. 93rd Infantry Division - WWI. (Submitted on May 17, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Hell Fighters; 93rd Infantry Division; Blue Helmet Division; William Hayward; George S. Robb; James Reese Europe; Hamilton Fish, III; Needham Roberts; AEF.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 10, 2022. It was originally submitted on May 15, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 6,865 times since then and 325 times this year. It was the Marker of the Week July 12, 2009. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 15, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 17, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.