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Wilkesboro in Wilkes County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Early Food Preservation

 
 
Early Food Preservation Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, October 3, 2021
1. Early Food Preservation Marker
Inscription.  
Drying:
Fruits, vegetables and herbs were all harvested in peak season and could be dried for use in later months. Fruits and vegetables would be sliced thin and laid out on a clean surface, usually a sunny area. They would then be covered with a fine weave cloth to keep insects away but still allowing the sun to draw out any moisture. Herbs were typically clipped and bunched together and hung inside to dry. These would be used for flavoring but also steeped in hot water to make healing teas for many ailments.

Salting:
Due to lack of refrigeration and no constant way to keep meat at a cool temperature, the method of salting was often used to preserve meat, mainly pork or fish. The meat, after being dressed and butchered, would be placed in a large amount of course salt. The salt would be vigorously worked into the meat to insure that all moisture would be pulled out. The meat would then be folded in a brown paper then hung in cloth bags, usually stored in a "smokehouse", to cure.

Smoking:
The process of smoking meat and fish would have been an additional step
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added to the salting process. The cold smoking method was used for preservation rather than cooking. This process took a longer period of time because the temperature was kept under 100°F. Apple, Hickory or Maple wood were the most desirable choices for flavor. There was typically a "smokehouse" this process was carried out in. Usually made of stone or brick with an earthen floor.

Pickling:
Vegetables and even eggs were put in glazed crocks, soaked in vinegar and covered with either leather, clarified butter or a pig bladder, stretched across the top like plastic wrap.

Sugaring:
A variety of fruits were packed in a crock of heavy syrup made of sugar. They could be kept this way for a few months, occasionally having to skim a layer of mold off the top.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AgricultureSettlements & Settlers.
 
Location. 36° 8.972′ N, 81° 9.152′ W. Marker is in Wilkesboro, North Carolina, in Wilkes County. Marker can be reached from North Bridge Street just north of East North Street, on the left when traveling north. Marker is mounted at eye-level on the Captain Robert Cleveland log home, just to the right of the front entrance. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wilkesboro NC 28697, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within
Early Food Preservation Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, October 3, 2021
2. Early Food Preservation Marker
walking distance of this marker. Robert Cleveland Log Home (here, next to this marker); Captain Robert Cleveland Log Home (a few steps from this marker); The Old Wilkes Jail (a few steps from this marker); Old Wilkes County Jail (within shouting distance of this marker); Wilkes County Confederate Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Colonel Ben Cleveland (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Wilkes County Courthouse Annex (about 300 feet away); The Tory Oak (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wilkesboro.
 
Captain Robert Cleveland Log Home image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, October 3, 2021
3. Captain Robert Cleveland Log Home
(marker is mounted just to the right of the left entrance)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 18, 2022. It was originally submitted on February 18, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 81 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on February 18, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

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Apr. 17, 2024