East Lake-Orient Park in Hillsborough County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Philippine-American War 1899 - 1913
Hillsborough County Veterans Memorial Park
The Philippine-American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection (1899 -1902), was an armed conflict between the United States and Filipino revolutionaries. The conflict arose from the struggle of the first Philippine Republic to gain independence following annexation by the United States.The war was a part of a series of conflicts in the Philippine struggle for independence, preceded by the Philippine Revolution and the Spanish American War.
Fighting erupted between U.S. and Filipino revolutionary forces on February 4,1899, and quickly escalated into the 1899 Battle of Manila. On June 2, 1899, the First Philippine Republic officially declared war against the United States. The war officially ended on July 4, 1902. However, some groups led by veterans of the Katipunan society continued to battle the American forces. Among those leaders was General Macario Sacay, a veteran Katipunan member who assumed the presidency of the proclaimed Tagalog Republic, formed in 1902 after the capture of President Aguinaldo. Other groups, including the Moro people and Pulahanes, continued hostilities
On the evening of February 4, two American sentries one of which was Pvt. Robert William Greyson, on guard duty at Manila's San Juan del Monte bridge fired the shots which began the 1899 Battle of Mande. The following day, General Arthur MacArthur, without investigating the cause of the firing, ordered his troops to advance against Filipino troops, beginning a full scale armed clash.
On January 28, 1899, President McKinley had appointed Dr. Jacob Gould Schurman to chair a commission, with Dean C. Worcester, Charles H. Denby, Admiral Dewey, General Otis, as members to investigate conditions in the islands and make recommendations. Fighting had erupted between U.S. forces in February, and the non-military commission members found General Otis looking on the commission as an infringement upon his authority when they arrived in March. In the report they issued to the president the following year, the commissioners acknowledged Filipino aspiration for independence they declared, however, and the Philippines was not ready for it. Specific recommendations included the establishment of civilian control over Manila (Otis would have veto power over the city’s government), creation of civilian government as rapidly as possible, especially in areas already declared “pacified” (the American chief executive
On July 4, Theodore Roosevelt, who succeeded to the presidency after the assassination of President McKinley on September 5 1901, proclaimed a full and complete pardon and amnesty to all participants of the Philippine archipelago who had participated in the conflict.
Erected by Hillsborough County.
Topics and series. This memorial is listed in this topic list: War, Spanish-American. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #25 William McKinley, and the Former U.S. Presidents: #26 Theodore Roosevelt series lists. A significant historical date for this entry is February 4, 1899.
Location. 27° 58.643′ N, 82° 21.677′ W. Marker is in East Lake-Orient Park, Florida, in Hillsborough County. Memorial can be reached from U.S. 301, 0.2 miles south of East Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, on the right when traveling south. Marker stands within Hillsborough County Veterans Memorial Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3602 N US Highway 301, Tampa FL 33619, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Boxer Rebellion 1898-1901 (here, next to this marker); The Barbary Wars 1801-1829 (here, next to this marker); United States occupation of the Dominican Republic (1916-1924) (here, next to this marker); Operation Gothic Serpent (1993) (here, next to this marker); Mayaguez Incident (1975) (here, next to this marker); 1958 Lebanon crisis (here, next to this marker); The Berlin blockade (here, next to this marker); Operation Enduring Freedom - Philippines (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in East Lake-Orient Park.
Also see . . . Philippine Insurrection Campaigns. (Submitted on March 29, 2022, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on March 30, 2022. It was originally submitted on March 29, 2022, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 212 times since then and 80 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 29, 2022, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.