“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Martins Ferry in Belmont County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Civil War Cannon

Civil War Cannon Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), April 22, 2022
1. Civil War Cannon Marker
This Civil War cannon is a Confederate twelve pound Napoleon. Also known as a twelve pounder, twelve refers to the weight of the ammunition used by the cannon. Twelve pound smoothbore cannons were frequently used by Confederate and Union armies. The cannon before you was produced by the Augusta Foundry in Augusta, Georgia. Augusta Foundry cannons were primarily utilized by Confederate forces in the western theater of the Civil War.

A lot can be told by the engravings on the muzzle of the barrel. The "1864" indicates the year the barrel was made and the "1230" indicates the weight of the barrel. "No 89 AF" indicates that it was the 89th cannon made at the Augusta Foundry in 1864. All barrels produced at the Augusta Foundry had "AF" after the production sequence number. On the bottom, "GWR" is the initials of George Washington Rains. Rains, a Colonel in the Confederate Army, inspected the cannons before they left the Augusta Foundry and were put into service. Every cannon Rains inspected bears his initials.

The Augusta Foundry manufactured between 110 and 130 twelve pound Napoleons. The Walnut Grove Cemetery Napoleon
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is one of 40 still in existence. In 1986 this Napoleon was refurbished by the Ohio Valley Civil War Round Table. In 2018, the carriage was once again in need of replacement. Mason Kyer of Troop 59, St. Clairsville Ohio, raised over $20,000 to purchase the new carriage for his Eagle Scout Project. The new carriage is cast aluminum, but made to look identical to the original. It was manufactured by Steen Cannon in Ashland, Kentucky.
Erected 2018 by Mason Kyer, Eagle Scout project, Troop 59, St. Clairsville, Ohio.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceWar, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1864.
Location. 40° 6.006′ N, 80° 43.15′ W. Marker is in Martins Ferry, Ohio, in Belmont County. Marker is on North 4th Street, 0.1 miles north of Ellet Street, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 420 N 5th St, Martins Ferry OH 43935, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Cannon and Historic Cemetery (here, next to this marker); Elizabeth "Betty" Zane McLaughlin Clark (a few steps from this marker); Walnut Grove Cemetery (within shouting distance of this marker); Elizabeth Zane (within shouting distance of this marker); Martins Ferry Pioneers
Civil War Cannon Display image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), April 22, 2022
2. Civil War Cannon Display
(within shouting distance of this marker); William Dean Howells / James Arlington Wright (approx. 0.4 miles away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.6 miles away); Isaac G. Vickers (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Martins Ferry.
Credits. This page was last revised on April 23, 2022. It was originally submitted on April 23, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 214 times since then and 112 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 23, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Nov. 30, 2023