Hanover in York County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Hospitality Before Hostility
A Heart of Hanover Trail Stop
At 8:00 a.m. on June 30, the head of Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick's Union Cavalry Division halted on Frederick Street outside community leader Jacob Wirt's home, which formerly stood in front of you at the site of the Hanover Theater.
Kilpatrick went inside Wirt's house, where he received information on Confederate troop movements and analyzed a map of the area.
When Reverend William K. Zieber, Pastor of Emmanuel Reformed Church, learned about the hungry Union cavalrymen, he encouraged townspeople to feed them. For nearly two hours, Union regiments passed through Hanover as men, women and children brought an assortment of foods and drinks, including bread, pretzels, pies, cakes, milk, coffee and even beer.
About 10:00 a.m., while Kilpatrick was several miles north up Abbottstown Road, units of the 5th New York Cavalry Regiment stood here, while the main body assembled in and around Center Square.
While Union soldiers enjoyed Hanover hospitality, a Confederate artillery shell burst over town from the south.
Major John Hammond of the 5th New York promptly rode to Center Square and urged citizens to take
Reverend Zieber heard Hammond say, "In a few minutes there will be fighting on your streets."
Union Gen. George A. Custer slept in the Wirt house on the evening of June 30. That night, his commanding officer, Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick, stayed on the second floor of the nearby Central Hotel, which is still standing on the northwest corner of the square.
"The morning of the battle I went to the square with a wash basket of bread and a kettle of apple butter and helped feed the soldiers that were coming into Hanover. The soldiers were awful tired and hungry and were glad to get the food people were giving them. The square was full of townspeople with baskets of food. Then word came that General Stuart and his cavalry were coming. General Kilpatrick told us there was going to be fighting and we should all get off the street. I started to run home, but before I could get across the street some of the rebel cavalry came along. The officer halted his men for a moment so we could get by. I ran and kept running until I got home. Just as I started through the door of my house a bullet hit a rain spout, glanced off, and grazed my dress..."
"My mother, Carrie Moul Fitz, said, 'Many families baked cakes, bread and pies and gave them to the Union soldiers as they passed through the town.' Especially there
—Ervin M. Fitz.
Erected 2022 by Main Street Hanover; and Heart of Hanover Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Pennsylvania, Battle of Hanover Walking Tour series list. A significant historical date for this entry is June 30, 1863.
Location. 39° 47.979′ N, 76° 59.081′ W. Marker is in Hanover, Pennsylvania, in York County. Marker is at the intersection of Frederick Street (Pennsylvania Route 194/116) and North Franklin Street, on the right when traveling west on Frederick Street. Marker is located along the sidewalk at the northeast corner of the intersection. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hanover PA 17331, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Hanover Spectator Covers the Battle (within shouting distance of this marker); Trailblazing Writers Leader, Long, and Prowell (within shouting distance of this marker); Birthplace of John Luther Long (within shouting distance of this marker); The Hanover Theater (within shouting distance of this Hanover's Underground Railroad Conductors (within shouting distance of this marker); Kilpatrick Headquarters (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); General George Armstrong Custer (about 400 feet away); High Noon in Hanover (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hanover.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Heart of Hanover Trail
Also see . . . Battle of Hanover.
The Battle of Hanover took place on June 30, 1863, in Hanover in southwestern York County, Pennsylvania, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Confederate cavalry, which was riding north to get around the Union Army of the Potomac, attacked a Federal cavalry regiment, driving it through the streets of Hanover.(Submitted on May 2, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on May 8, 2022. It was originally submitted on May 2, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 124 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on May 2, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.