Wilson in Ellsworth County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Post Rock Architecture
An enduring legacy of community leaders
Several notable downtown structures were designed in the late Victorian Italianate style. However, the late 19th and early 20th century American Commercial Style is prevalent, incorporating limestone and brick facades of one - or two stories and lacking extensive ornamentation. Some newer structures display the Modern style. Prominent buildings that contribute to the city's architectural character include:
• Lang Memorial Library, a 1923 revival style gem that features Beaux Arts influences and Italian Renaissance stylistic details.
• Downtown Grade School, a 1916 representative of period educational architecture with Prairie School influences.
• First Presbyterian Church, one of the first brick structures downtown, built in 1910 and heavily influenced by the Romanesque
• Wilson United Methodist Church, built in 1888, an example of Gothic Revival influence.
• Midland Railroad Hotel, a three-story Late Victorian limestone structure was built in 1899 with stylistic influences that include Second Empire, Queen Anne, Italianate and Romanesque.
• Wilson City Jail, a notable 1907 round limestone structure that started as a water tower and later became a jail.
Wilson's most notable building was probably the 1901 Turner Hall, also called the Wilson Czech Opera House, just to the west of your present location. Two-stories tall, it incorporated both Italianate and Queen Ann influences on its façade, combining architectural styles similar to architecture in other rural commercial districts. Unfortunately, the building was destroyed by a fire in 2009.
Reading History in Construction
Most buildings constructed before 1905 were two-story, greenhorn limestone structures, quarried from local quarries. After 1905, however, brick began to dominate new development, breaking from the tradition of native stone. Later, commercial architecture changed in the 1920s with a shift to single-story buildings. By knowing this, the date of a downtown building's construction is revealed by its use of materials or height.
Upper Left: Lang Memorial Library
Lower Left: Wilson United Methodist Church
Upper Center: Downtown Grade School
Upper Right: Midland Railroad Hotel
Lower Right: Wilson City Jail
Erected by Kansas Byways and Post Rock Scenic Byway.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Education • Industry & Commerce • Law Enforcement. A significant historical year for this entry is 1923.
Location. 38° 49.451′ N, 98° 28.382′ W. Marker is in Wilson, Kansas, in Ellsworth County. Marker is at the intersection of 27th Street and Avenue D, on the left when traveling west on 27th Street. The marker is located at the World's Largest Czech Egg Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 407 27th Street, Wilson KS 67490, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Culture Lives On (here, next to this marker); Czech Capital of Kansas (here, next to this marker); World's Largest Czech Egg (within shouting distance of this marker); War Memorial (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Post Rock Scenic Byway (approx. 10.1 miles away).
Credits. This page was last revised on June 28, 2022. It was originally submitted on June 28, 2022, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas. This page has been viewed 55 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 28, 2022, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas.