“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cornwall in Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry United Counties, Ontario — Central Canada (North America)

John Baker

John Baker Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Robert Rusaw, April 30, 2022
1. John Baker Marker
Inscription.  John Baker was born into slavery in Lower Canada (Quebec), in the 1780s to Dorinda, a Black woman enslaved by Major James Gray. When the Gray family relocated to Cornwall, John, Dorinda, and his brother Simon were brought with them. The Major's son, Robert, inherited John and his family when Major Gray died. In 1804, John and his family were manumitted after Robert's death.

In freedom, John enlisted as a private in the New Brunswick Fencibles (the 104th Regiment of Foot) and served during the War of 1812. He took part in several actions. John went overseas and fought in the Battle of Waterloo after the war.

After discharging, John reunited with his family, married a woman named Hannah, and worked as a general labourer. John Baker died in 1871. He is buried at Trinity Anglican Church.
-Natasha Henry

John Baker est né en esclavage au Bas- Canada (Québec), dans les années 1780. Dorinda, sa mère, était une femme noire réduite en esclavage par le major James Gray. Lorsque la famille Gray s'est installée à Cornwall, elle a emmené avec elle John, Dorinda et son frère Simon. Le fils du major,
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Robert, a hérité de John et de sa famille à la mort du major Gray. En 1804, John et sa famille ont été émancipés après la mort de Robert.

Une fois libre, John s'est engagé comme simple soldat dans les New Brunswick Fencibles (le 104e régiment de fantassins) et a servi pendant la guerre de 1812. Il a pris part à plusieurs combats. Après la guerre, John est parti outre-mer et a participé à la bataille de Waterloo.

Après sa démobilisation, John a retrouvé sa famille, épousé une femme nommée Hannah et travaillé comme ouvrier général. John Baker est mort en 1871. Il est enterré à l'église anglicane Trinity.
Topics. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansWar of 1812. A significant historical year for this entry is 1804.
Location. 45° 0.834′ N, 74° 43.766′ W. Marker is in Cornwall, Ontario, in Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry United Counties. Memorial is on Water Street West, on the right when traveling east. This marker is located between the parking lot and the Cornwall Museum. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cornwall ON K6J 5N1, Canada. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cornwall & S.D.G. 1784-2009 (within shouting distance of this marker); Cornwall's Historic Waterfront (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Cornwall Canal (about 120 meters away); The Cornwall Canal / Le canal de Cornwall
John Baker Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Robert Rusaw, April 30, 2022
2. John Baker Marker
(about 120 meters away); The Founding of Cornwall (about 150 meters away); Ivy Hall (about 150 meters away); District Court-House and Gaol 1833 (about 210 meters away); United Counties of Stormont Dundas and Glengarry (about 240 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cornwall.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 13, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 5, 2022, by Robert Rusaw of Massena, New York. This page has been viewed 131 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 5, 2022, by Robert Rusaw of Massena, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Feb. 25, 2024